# Course Details

**a. Theoretical Courses**

**ANT 101 Introduction to Anthropology 3 credits**

Humans in nature, human evolution, history of culture, rise of early civilizations in the old and new world, organizations of pre-industrial society environment, resources and their distribution; gender, kinship and descent, religion, economics, politics, survival of indigenous groups, forms of culture and society among contemporary peoples, Comparative study of traditional and changing Third World societies, impact of modern world on traditional societies, power and social order; custom and law, conflict and change, Cultural and ethnic diversity.

Recommended Books:

1. Cultural Anthropology, a Global Perspective: R Scupin

2. Anthropology: The Exploration of Human Diversity: Conrad P Kottak

3. Anthropology: C Ember and M Ember

4. Cultural Anthropology: W A Haviland

5. Anthropology - Social and Cultural: Kedar Nath, Ram Nath

6. An Introduction to Anthropology: Victor Barnouw.

**APE 101 Mechanics, Properties of Matter, Waves & Oscillations 3 credits**

Vectors & scalars, unit vectors, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector fields, gradient, divergence and curl, curvilinear co-ordinates, 1 D & 2 D motions, work and energy, conservation laws, conservative force, projectile motion, uniform circular motion, rotation of rigid bodies, angular momentum, gravitation, gravitational field, potential.

Elasticity, Hooke's Law, adhesive and cohesive forces, molecular theory of surface tension, capillarity. Streamline & turbulent flow, Poiseulle's formula, streamline flow and turbulent flow, Reynold's Number, Equation of Continuity, Bernoulli's Theorem, Stokes' Law.

Principle of superposition, interference of waves, phase velocity and group velocity, simple harmonic motion, combination of SHM, Lissajous figures, damped SHM, forced oscillations, resonance, power and intensity of wave motion, waves in elastic media, vibration of strings, beats, Doppler Effect, velocity of sound, ultrasonics, and their applications.

Recommended Books:

1. Vector Analysis: M. Spiegel, Schaum's Outline Series

2. Fundamentals of Physics: D. Halliday, R. Resnick & J. Walker

3. Gases, Liquids and Solids: D. Tabor

4. The Mechanical Properties of Matter: M.T. Sprackling

5. The General Properties of Matter: F.H. Newman and V.H.L. Searle

6. Elements of Properties of Matter: D.S. Mathur

7. University Physics: Francis W. Sears, Mark W. Zemansky & Hugh D. Young

8. Fundamentals of Vibrations and Waves: S.P. Puri

9. Vibrations and Waves: A.P. French

10. The Physics of Vibration & Waves: H.J. Pain

11. Vibrations & Waves: I.G. Main

**APE 102 Thermal Physics, Radiation & Statistical Mechanics 3 Credits**

Heat and temperature, thermal equilibrium, specific heat & calorimetry, Newton's Law of Cooling, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Boltzmann Distribution Law, Brownian motion, Law of equipartition of energy; Vander Waals' equation of state, heat transfer, conduction, convection and radiation, co-efficient of thermal conductivity and its measurement, First Law of thermodynamics, isothermal & adiabatic changes, reversible and irreversible processes, Carnot's cycle, Second Law of thermodynamics, entropy and disorder, absolute scale of temperature, Maxwell's relations, Clausius-Clapeyron Equation, Gibb's phase rule, Third Law of thermodynamics, Nernst heat theorem, radiation theory, black body radiation, Wien's Law, Stefan-Boltzman Law, Rayleigh Jeans Law, Planck's Law, variation of specific heat with temperature, Einstein's theory, Debye's theory, Joule-Thomson expansion, cryogenics, measurement of high temperature.

Statistical Mechanics: Phase space, concept of state and ensemble, microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles, Boltzmann probability distribution, Maxwell velocity distribution, derivation of Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics, ideal Fermi gas, degenerate Fermi system, equation of state of ideal gases, ideal Bose gas.

Recommended Books:

1. Fundamentals of Physics: D. Halliday, R. Resnick & J. Walker

2. Heat and Thermodynamics: M.W.Zemansky and R.H. Dittman

3. An Introduction to Thermodynamics: F.W. Sears

4. Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics: F. Reif

5. Thermal Physics: C. Kittel and H. Kroener

6. A Treatise on Heat: M.N. Saha and B.N. Srivastava

7. Statistical Mechanics: Kerson Huang

8. Statistical Physics: F. Mandl

9. Elementary Statistical Physics: C. Kittel

**APE 103 Electrical Circuits I 3 credits**

Circuit variables and elements: Voltage, current, power, energy, independent and dependent sources, resistance. Basic laws: Ohm's law, Kirchhoff's current and voltage laws. Simple resistive circuits: Series and parallel circuits, voltage and current division, Wye-Delta transformation. Techniques of circuit analysis: Nodal and mesh analysis including supernode and super mesh. Network theorems: Source transformation, Thevenin's, Norton's and Superposition theorems with applications in circuits having independent and dependent sources, maximum power transfer condition and reciprocity theorem. Energy storage elements: Inductors and capacitors, series parallel combination of inductors and capacitors. Responses of RL and RC circuits: Natural and step responses. Magnetic quantities and variables: Flux, permeability and reluctance, magnetic field strength, magnetic potential, flux density, magnetization curve. Laws in magnetic circuits: Ohm's law and Ampere's circuital law. Magnetic circuits: series, parallel and series-parallel circuits. Prerequisite PHY 115

Recommended Books:

1. Engineering Circuit Analysis: W. H. Hayt, J. Kemmerly and S. M. Durbin

2. Electric Circuits: J. W. Nilsson and S. Riedel

3. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis: J. D. Irwin

4. Introduction to Electric Circuits: R. C. Dorf and J. A. Svoboda

5. Electric Circuit Analysis: D. E. Johnson, J. R. Johnson, J. L. Hilburn and P. D. Scott

6. The Analysis and Design of Linear Circuits: R. E. Thomas and A. J. Rosa

**APE 201 Solid State Physics and Materials Science 3 Credits**

Crystalline state, Bravais lattices, crystal symmetry, point group & space group, unit cells, Miller indices, x-ray diffraction, Bragg's Law, reciprocal lattice, structure factor, interatomic force and classification of solids, ionic, covalent, molecular, hydrogen bonded crystals, lattice energy of ionic crystals, Madelung constant, lattice vibration, phonons, normal modes in monatomic and diatomic linear chains, theory of specific heat, Einstein and Debye models, thermal expansion, defects in crystals, dislocations, consequences of defects on mechanical properties, elastic properties. Amorphous, composite, fibrous materials, polymers, plastics, binding forces, thermal and electrical conductivity of metals, dielectric properties of solids , modes of dielectric polarisation, ferro electricity, piezo electricity, optical properties of solids ,classical and semi classical theory, free carrier effects, lattice absorption, electronic absorption, magnetic properties of solid, dia and paramagnatism, ferro & ferrimagnetism, antiferromagnetism, ferrites, magnetic resonance, superconductivity, liquid crystals.

Recommended Books:

1. Introduction to Sold State Physics: Charles Kittel

2. Introduction to Solid State Physics: A. J. Dekker

3. Solid State Physics: M.A. Omar.

4. Solid State Physics by B.S. Saxena, R. C. Gupta & P. N. Saxena

5. Materials: Principles & Practice: C. Newey & G. Weaver

6. Properties of Materials: Mary Anne White

7. Mechanical Metallurgy: George Dieter

8. Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering: William D. Callister, Jr., William D. Callister

9. The Coming of Materials Science: Robert W. Cahn

10. Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers: James F. Shackleford

11. Engineering Materials (Vol 1 & 2): M.F. Ashby & David R.H. Jones

**APE 202 Electrodynamics & Electromagnetic Waves & Fields 3 Credits**

Solution of Laplace's equation and Poisson's equation and applications to electrostatic problems, dielectrics, electrostatic energy, Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves, propagation of electromagnetic waves in conducting and non-conducting media, reflection and refraction, polarization, dispersion, scattering, waves in the presence of metallic boundaries, Waves between parallel planes, attenuation, wave impedance, waves in coaxial lines & modes, waves in strip and micro-strip lines, waveguides and resonators, solution of the inhomogeneous wave equations, simple radiating system, antennas, accelerated charge, Cerenkov radiation, elements of plasma physics. Prerequisite PHY 115.

Recommended Books:

1. Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory: John Reitz, F.J. Milford and R. W. Christy

2. Electromagnetic Fields and Waves: Paul Lorrain and Dale Corson

3. Classical Electrodynamics: J.D. Jackson

4. Introduction to Electrodynamics: D.J. Griffiths

**APE 203 Electrical Circuits II 3 credits**

Sinusoidal functions: Instantaneous current, voltage, power, effective current and voltage, average power, phasors and complex quantities, impedance, real and reactive power, power factor. Analysis of single phase ac circuits: Series and parallel RL, RC and RLC circuits, nodal and mesh analysis, application of network theorems in ac circuits, circuits simultaneously excited by sinusoidal sources of several frequencies, transient response of RL and RC circuits with sinusoidal excitation. Resonance in ac circuits: Series and parallel resonance. Magnetically coupled circuits. Analysis of three phase circuits: Three phase supply, balanced and unbalanced circuits, power calculation. Prerequisite APE 103

Recommended Books:

1. Engineering Circuit Analysis: W. H. Hayt, J. Kemmerly and S. M. Durbin

2. Electric Circuits: J. W. Nilsson and S. Riedel

3. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis: J. D. Irwin

4. Introduction to Electric Circuits: R. C. Dorf and J. A. Svoboda

5. Electric Circuit Analysis: D. E. Johnson, J. R. Johnson, J. L. Hilburn and P. D. Scott

6. The Analysis and Design of Linear Circuits: R. E. Thomas and A. J. Rosa

**APE 204 Digital Logic Design 3 credits**

An introduction to digital systems such as computer, communication and information systems. Topics covered include Boolean algebra, digital logic gates, combinational logic circuits, decoders, encoders, multiplexers. Asynchronous and synchronous counters. Registers, flip-flops, adders, Sequential circuit analysis and design. Simple computer architecture.

Recommended Books:

1. Digital Systems: Principles and Application: R. J. Tocci, N. S. Widmer and G. L. Moss

**APE 205 Electronic Devices and Circuits I 3 credits**

P-N junction as a circuit element: Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, operational principle of p-n junction diode, contact potential, current-voltage characteristics of a diode, simplified dc and ac diode models, dynamic resistance and capacitance. Diode circuits: Half wave and full wave rectifiers, rectifiers with filter capacitor, characteristics of a zener diode, zener shunt regulator, clamping and clipping circuits. Bipolar junction transistor (BJT) as a circuit element: Basic structure. BJT characteristics and regions of operation, BJT as an amplifier, biasing the BJT for discrete circuits, small signal equivalent circuit models, BJT as a switch. Single stage BJT amplifier circuits and their configuarations: Voltage and current gain, input and output impedances. Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect-Transistor (MOSFET) as circuit element: structure and physical operation of MOSFETs, body effect, current- voltage characteristics of MOSFETs, biasing discrete and integrated MOS amplifier. Prerequisite APE 103

Recommended Books:

1. Microelectronic Circuits: A. S. Sedra and K. C. Smith

2. Engineering Circuit Analysis: W. H. Hayt, J. Kemmerly and S. M. Durbin J.

**APE 302 Electronic Devices and Circuits II 3 credits**

Frequency response of amplifiers: Poles, zeros and Bode plots, amplifier transfer function, techniques of determining 3 dB frequencies of amplifier circuits, frequency response of single-stage and cascade amplifiers, frequency response of differential amplifiers. Operational amplifiers (Op-Amp): Properties of ideal Op-Amps, non-inverting and inverting amplifiers, inverting integrators, differentiator, weighted summer and other applications of Op-Amp circuits, effects of finite open loop gain and bandwidth on circuit performance, logic signal operation of Op-Amp, dc imperfections. General purpose Op-Amp: DC analysis, small-signal analysis of different stages, gain and frequency response of 741 Op-Amp. Negative feedback: properties, basic topologies, feedback amplifiers with different topologies, stability, frequency compensation. Active filters: Different types of filters and specifications, transfer functions, realization of first and second order low, high and bandpass filters using Op-Amps. Signal generators: Basic principle of sinusoidal oscillation, Op-Amp RC oscillators, LC and crystal oscillators. Power Amplifiers: Classification of output stages, class A, B and AB output stages. Prerequisite APE 205

Recommended Books:

1. Microelectronic Circuits: A. S. Sedra and K. C. Smith

2. Engineering Circuit Analysis: W. H. Hayt, J. Kemmerly and S. M. Durbin J.

3. Digital Computer Electronics: A. P. Malvino and J. A. Brown

**APE 401 Measurements & Measuring Instruments 3 Credits**

Significance and methods of measurements, direct and indirect methods. Mechanical, electrical and electronic types of instruments, absolute and secondary instruments, analog and digital instruments, analog voltmeters and ammeters, AC transformer types, Flux gate magnetometer type. Accuracy and error of analog voltmeters and ammeters. Different types of Digital voltmeters, digital multimeters, Automation in multimeters.

Oscilloscopes, signal generators. Transducers. Absorption and detection of radiation, Nucleonic instruments. Analytical & medical instruments, Industrial instruments, Instrument systems. Prerequisite APE 302

Recommended Books:

1. Instrumentation, Measurements and Feedback: B.E Jone

2. Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques: W.d. Copper

3. Instrument Technology: Jones E.B. Butterworths

4. Understanding Electrography: E.G Zailis and M.H Conover

5. Industrial Instrumentation Fundamentals: A.E. Fribance

**APE 402 Plasma Physics with Industrial Applications 3 credits**

General introduction to plasma physics, plasma as a fourth state of matter, definition, screening and Debye shielding, plasma frequency, ideal plasma, temperature and pressure of plasma, magnetic pressure and plasma drifts, plasma waves, Landau damping, collisions in plasmas, hydrodynamic description of plasma, one fluid model, two fluid model, Chew-Goldberg theory, low waves in maneto-hydrodynamics, description of plasma, dielectric tensor, longitudinal and transverse waves, plasma instabilities, transport in plasmas, plasma kinetic theory, Vlasov equation, linear waves, waves in magnetized plasma, electromagnetic waves, waves in hot plasmas, nonlinear waves, Landau damping, quasi linear theory, plasmas in fusion research, plasmas in industrial applications.

Recommended Books:

1. Principles of Plasma Physics: Nicholas A. Krall and Alvin W. Trivelpiece

2. Industrial Applications of Plasma Physics: Francis Chen

**APE 403 Control Engineering 3 credits**

Introduction to control systems, electric circuits and components, transfer function and block diagram, mechanical translation systems, analogous circuits, mechanical rotational systems, rotating power amplifiers, DC & AC servomotors.

Inputs & responses, modeling of continuous systems; computer-aided solutions to systems problems; feedback control systems; stability, frequency response and transient response using root locus, frequency domain and state variable methods. Position control system, simulation diagrams, signal flow graphs, parallel state diagrams from transfer function. General frequency transfer function relationships, drawing the Bode plot, system type and gain as related to log magnitude curve, Nyquist's criterion and applications. Prerequisites ECE 220 and MAT 203

Recommended Books:

1. Linear Control System Analysis and Design (Fourth edition): John J. D. Azzo and Constantine H. Houpis

2. Modern Control Engineering, 4th ed., Prentice Hall, 2001: K. Ogata

3. Feedback Control of Dynamic Systems, 4th ed., Addison-Wesley, 2002: G. E. Franklin, J. D. Powell, and A. Emami-Naeni

**APE 404 Microprocessors and Assembly Language Programming 3 credits**

Introduction to different types of microprocessors. Microprocessor architecture, instruction set, interfacing/O operation, interrupt structure, DMA. Microprocessor interface ICs. RAM, ROM, PROM, EPROM and EPROM's. Advanced microprocessor concept of microprocessor based system design. Microcomputer systems, representation of numbers and characters, introduction to IBMPC assembly language. Logic, shift, multiplication & division instructions, arrays and addressing modes, string instructions, text display and keyboard programming, memory management. Prerequisite APE 204

Recommended Books:

1. Microcomputer Systems: The 8086/8088 Family Architecture, Programming Design, 2nd ed., Prentice-Hall, 1986: Y. Liu and G. A. Gibson

2. Microprocessors: Theory and Applications: Intel and Motorola, Revised ed., Prentice Hall, 1992: M. Rafiquzzaman

3. Microprocessors and Interfacing: Programming and Hardware 2nd ed., Gloence McGraw Hill, 1991: Douglas V. Hall

4. Assembly Language Programming: Maruti

**APE 405 Computer Organization and Architecture 3 credits**

A systematic study of the various elements in computer design, including circuit design, storage mechanisms, addressing schemes, and various approaches to parallelism and distributed logic. Information representation and transfer; instruction and data access methods; CPU structure and functions processor and register organization, instruction cycles and pipe linings, the control unit; memory organisation. RISC and CISC machines. The course includes a compulsory 3 hour laboratory work each week. Prerequisite APE 204.

Recommended Books:

1. Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface, 3rd ed., Morgan Kauffmann, 2004: D. A. Patterson, J. L. Hennessy, P. J. Ashenden J. R. Larus and D. J. Sorin

2. Computer Architecture and Organization, 3rd ed., McGraw Hill, 1997: J. P. Hayes

3. Computer Organization and Architecture, 6th ed., Prentice Hall, 2002: W. Stallings

4. Computer Organization & Programming, McGraw Hill: C.W. Gear

5. Computer Organization, McGraw Hill: V. Hamacher, Z. Vranesic and S. Zaky

6. Introduction toComputer Organization: I. Tomok & Pitman

**APE 406 Radar Engineering 3 credits**

The course is oriented towards the understanding and design of radar systems. The contents will be radar principles & techniques, nature of radars, radar frequencies, radar target, radar equation, continuous & frequency modulated radars, detection & processing of radar signals, MTI radar, Pulse Doppler radar, tracking radar, radar indicators and displays, noise, ground & sea echoes & clutter, weather effect of radar, radar applications. Prerequisites: ECE 220 and MAT 203

Recommended Books:

1. Detection of Signals in Noise 2nd edition, Academic Press 1995: R. N. McDonough & A.D.Whalen

2. Radar Principles for the Non-specialist: John C, T.P. Hannen

3. Radar Signal Processing, McGraw Hill: Marks Richards

4. Introduction to Radar Systems: Merril I. Skolnik

5. Radar Signals: Introduction to Theory of Application: C.E. Cook and Marvin Bernfeld

**APE 407 Renewable Energy Technology 3 credits**

Energy & development, energy consumption, world energy demand & future projection, energy units, earth's energy resource base, renewable and non-rewable sources of energy.

Non-renewable energy sources-fossil fuels, coal, natural gas, petroleum, etc. and non-fossil fuels like uranium (fission energy).

Renewable energy sources-solar energy, wind energy, tidal & wave & ocean energy, geothermal energy, biomass & hydropower, hydrogen energy. Advantages of renewable over conventional technologies, solar thermal conversion, radiation characteristics of materials, solar collectors, solar photovoltaic energy conversion, photovoltaic cells, design of PV systems, wind turbines, biopower, biofuels, integrated bioenergy systems, geothermal heat pumps, hydroelectricity & micro hydroelectric power, ocean thermal energy conversion. Energy, sustainability and environment, EIA.

Recommended Books:

1. Review of Renewable Energy Resources ed. M. S. Soda, S.S. Mathur and M.A. S. Malik

2. Solar Enegry & Thermal Processes: Duffie

3. Applied Solar Energy: An Introduction: A. B. Mienel

4. Energy Resources of Bangladesh: Badrul Imam

5. Renewable Energy: Sources of Fuels & Electricity: ed. T.B. Johansson;R.H. Williams, L.Burnhem, A.K.N.Reddy, H. Kelly

6. Prospects for Sustainable Energy: A Critical Assessment: Edward S.Cossdy

**ARC 292 Painting 2 credits**

Painting as a form of artistic and architectural expression. Introduction to various media in painting. Still life sketches and painting. Study of forms in painting. Landscapes and cityscapes. Colour pencils, crayons, pastels and watercolour. Mixed media. Computers in painting.

**ARC 293 Music Appreciation 2 credits**

Musical form. Ingredients of music: sound and time. Indian and Western music: melody and harmony. Foundations of sub-continental music: raga system. Presentation of vocal and instrumental music. Modern Bengali music and works of major composers and demonstrations. Western classical music and works of major composers. Music and its rhythm, composition etc.

**BI0 101 Introduction to Biology 3 credits**

An introduction to the cellular aspects of modern biology including the chemical basis of life, cell theory, energetics, genetics, development, physiology, behaviour, homeostasis and diversity, and evolution and ecology. This course will explain the development of cell structure and function as a consequence of evolutionary process, and stress the dynamic property of living systems.

Recommended Books:

1. Biology: P.H. Raven and G.B. Johnson

2. Biological Science: G. W. Stout and D. J. Taylor

3. Advanced Biology: J. Simpkins and J. J. Williams

4. Biology: A Fundamental Approach: M. B. Roberts

**CHE 101 Introduction to Chemistry 3 credits**

The course is designed to give an understanding of basics in chemistry. Topics include nature of atoms and molecules; valence and periodic tables, chemical bonds, aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, optical isomerism, chemical reactions.

Recommended Books:

1. Introduction to Modern Inorganic Chemistry: S. Z. Haider

2. Physical Chemistry: Haque & Nawab

3. Organic Chemistry: R. T. Morrison & R. N. Boyd

4. General Chemistry: Raymond Chang

**CSE 101 Introduction to Computer Science 3 credits**

Introduction to the use of computer hardware and software as tools for solving problems. Automated input devices and output methods (including pre-printed stationery and turnaround documents) as part of the solution. Using personal computers as effective problem solving tools for the present and the future. Theory behind solving problems using common application software including word processing, spreadsheets, database management, and electronic communications. Problem solving using the Internet and the World Wide Web. Programming principles and use of macros to support the understanding of application software. The course includes a compulsory 3 hour laboratory work each week.

Recommended Books:

1. Computer Science – A modern introduction: Goldschlager and Lister

2. Fundamentals of Computers: V Rajaraman

3. Work Out Computer Studies GCSE (Macmillan Work Out S.): Graham Taylor

**CSE 110 Programming Language I 3 credits**

An introduction to the foundations of computation and purpose of mechanised computation, techniques of problem analysis and the development of algorithms and programs, principles of structured programming and corresponding algorithm design, Topics will include data structures, abstraction, recursion, iteration as well as the design and analysis of basic algorithms, (language C is primarily used), introduction to digital computers and programming algorithms and flow chart construction, information representation in digital computers, writing, debugging and running programs (including file handling) on various digital computers using C. The course includes a compulsory 3 hour laboratory work each week. Prerequisite CSE 101

Recommended Books:

1. Working with C: Y Kanetkar

2. Schaums Outline of Theory and Problems of Programming With C:

Byron S. Gottfried

**CSE 111 Programming Language II 3 credits**

Introduction to data structures. Formal specification of syntax. Elements of language theory: mathematical preliminaries. Formal languages. Structured programming concepts. Survey of features of existing high level languages. Appropriate application using C++. The course includes a compulsory 3 hour laboratory work each week. Prerequisite CSE 110

Recommended Books:

1. C++ How to Program: H. M. Deitel and P. J. Deitel,

2. The C++ Programming Language: B. Stroustrup,

3. Thinking in C++, Volume 1: Introduction to Standard C++: B. Eckel

**CSE 350 Digital Electronics and Pulse Techniques 3 Credits**

Diode logic gates, transistor switches, transistor gates, MOS gates, Logic families: TTL, ECL, IIL and CMOS logic with operation details. Propagation delay, product and noise immunity. Open collector and High impedance gates. Electronic circuits for flip flops, counters and register, memory systems. PLA's (A/D, D/A converters with applications, S/H circuits) LED, LCD and optically coupled oscillators. Non-linear applications of OPAMPs. Analog switches. Linear wave shaping: diode wave shaping techniques, clipping and clamping circuits, comparator circuits, switching circuits. Pulse transformers, pulse transmission. Pulse generation: monostable, bistable and stable multivibrations, Timing circuits. Simple voltage sweeps, linear circuit sweeps. Schmitrigger, blocking oscillators and time base circuit. Prerequisite APE 204

Recommended Books:

1. Digital Computer Electronics: A. P. Malvino and J. A. Brown R. J.

**CSE 421 Computer Networks 3 credits**

An introduction to the basics of transport connections and sessions. The protocol hierarchy, design issues in transport and session layer protocol, end to end protocols, message handling protocols, terminal and file transfer protocols, Internet TCP/IP protocols. End to end data networks, congestion control networks, wireless networks, mobile computing, high speed networks. Concurrent programming, data link layer, framing and error control, media access control. Models of distributed computation, management and resource control of networks and distributed operating systems, distributed file systems, caching scheduling, process migration. Fault tolerance, network security and privacy, algorithm for deadlock detection. Synchronization and concurrency control in distributed systems. The course includes a compulsory 3 hour laboratory work alternate week.

Recommended Books:

1. Computer Networks: Protocols Standard and Interfaces, 5th ed., Prentice Hall, 1987: U. D. Black

2. Computer Network (3rd edition): Andrew S. Tanenbaum

**CSE 428 Image Processing 3 credits**

Digital image fundamentals, perception, representation; image transforms; Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), Karhumen and Loeve Transform (KLT), Wavelet transform and sub-band decomposition; image enhancement and restoration techniques, image compression techniques, image compression standards: JPEG, MPEG, H.261, and H.263. Prerequisite MAT 204

Recommended Books:

1. The Image Processing Handbook: J. C. Russ

2. Handbook of Image and Video Processing: A. Bovik

3. Practical Algorithms for Image Analysis: Descriptions, Examples, and Code: M. Seul, L. O'Gorman, M. J Sammon

**DEV 101 Bangladesh Studies 3 credits**

Socio-economic profile of Bangladesh, agriculture, industry, service sector, demographic patterns, social aid and physical infrastructures. Social stratification and power, power structures, government and NGO activities in socio-economic development, national issues and policies and changing society of Bangladesh.

Recommended Books:

1. Bangladesh: National Cultures and Heritage: An Introductory Reader: A.F. Salahuddin Ahmed & Bazlul Mobin Chowdhury

2. The History of Bengal (Vol.1 &Vol.2) : R.C. Majumdar

3. Banglapedia, 2003: Asiatic Society of Bangladesh

4. Bangladesh Arthaniti: Khan, Md. Shamsul Kabir

5. Bangladesh on the Threshold of the Twenty-First Century, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, 2002: A.M Chowdhury and Fakrul Alam

6. Poverty Reduction & Strategy: What, Why & for Whom in Asit Biswas et.al Contemporary Issues in Development : M.M Akash

7. Bangladesh 2020: A long-run perspectives study: The World Bank

**ECE 220 Signals and Systems 3 credits**

Classification of signals and systems: signals - classification, basic operation on signals, elementary signals, representation of signals using impulse function; systems – classification. Properties of Linear Time Invariant (LTI) systems: linearity, causality, time invariance, memory, stability, invertibility. Time domain analysis of LTI systems: Differential equations - system representation, order of the system, solution techniques, zero state and zero input response, system properties; impulse response - convolution integral, determination of system properties; state variable - basic concept, state equation and time domain solution. Frequency domain analysis of LTI systems: Fourier series- properties, harmonic representation, system response, frequency response of LTI systems; Fourier transformation- properties, system transfer function, system response and distortion-less systems. Applications of time and frequency domain analyses: solution of analog electrical and mechanical systems, amplitude modulation and demodulation, time-division and frequency-division multiplexing. Laplace transformation: properties, inverse transform, solution of system equations, system transfer function, system stability and frequency response and application. Pre requisites APE 103 and MAT 204.

Recommended Books:

1. Signals and Systems: A.V. Oppenheim and A. S. Willsky

2. Linear Systems and Signals: B. P. Lathi

**ECE 230 Semiconductor Devices and Materials 3 credits**

Semiconductor fundamentals, crystal structure, Fermi level, energy-band diagram, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductor, carrier concentration, scattering and drift of electrons and holes, drift current, diffusion mechanism, Hall effect, generation, recombination and injection of carriers, transient response, basic governing equations in semiconductor, physical description of p-n junction, deletion approximation, biasing, transition capacitance, varactor diodes, junction breakdown, space charge effect and diffusion approximation, current–voltage characteristics and temperature dependence, tunnelling current, optical absorption in a semiconductor, photovoltaic effect, semiconductor lasers. Pre requisites APE 201 and APE 205.

Recommended Books:

1. Solid State Electronic Devices: B. G. Streetman.

**ECE 310 Introduction to Communication Engineering 3 Credits**

Basic introduction to Fourier analysis and its application to communication systems, Overview of current communication systems (cellular, radio, and TV broadcasting, satellites, Internet), Fourier series and Fourier transforms, filtering and signal distortion, time domain and frequency domain analysis, analog modulation (AM and FM), digital modulation, noise in communication systems. Overview of current systems: the public-switched telephone network, radio and TV broadcasting, cellular and cordless telephones, satellite communications and paging. Prerequisites APE 202, APE 203 and APE 205.

Recommended Books:

1. Communication Systems: Simon Haykin

2. Electronic Communication Systems: G Kennedy

3. Principles of Communication Systems: Taub and Schilling

4. Communication Systems: A.Bruce Carlson

5. Electronic Communication: D Roody and J Coolen

**ECE 320 Microwave Engineering 3 credits**

Advanced analysis of wave guides, stripline, and microstrip; microwave circuit and device theory including ferrites, junctions and resonators; high frequency generation and amplification, microwave systems. Basic antenna concepts, Radiation Patterns, Beam solid angle, radiation intensity, directivity, effective aperture, antenna field zones, Polarization, impedance, cross field, Poynting vector. Antenna and transmission lines, Radiation from a dipole antenna, antenna temperature. Pre requisite ECE 310.

Recommended Books:

1. Microwave Engineering: D. M. Pozar

2. Fields and Waves in Communication Electronics: S. Ramo, J. R. Whinnery and T. V. Duzer

3. Microwave Engineering: A. Das and S. K. Das

4. Antennas: J. D. Krauss and R. J. Marhefka

5. Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design Technology: C. A. Balanis

6. Antennas and Radio Propagation: P. E. Collins

7. Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems: E. C. Jordan and K. G. Balmain

**ECE 328 Digital Signal Processing 3 credits**

Introduction to Digital Signal Processing : Discrete-time signals and systems, analog to digital conversion, aliasing, impulse response, difference equation, correlation and convolution, transient and steady state response. Discrete transformations: discrete-time Fourier series (DTFS), discrete-time Fourier transform (DTFT), discrete Fourier transform (DFT) and their properties, fast Fourier transform (FFT). Z transformation - properties, transfer function, and inverse Z transform. Application of Digital Signal Processing. Digital Filters: FIR filters - linear phase filters, filter specifications, designing FIR filter using window, optimal and frequency sampling methods; IIR filters – specifications, designing IIR filters using impulse invariant, bi-linear Z transformation, least-square methods and finite precision effects. MATLAB application to DSP. Prerequisite APE 203

Recommended Books:

1. Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms and Applications: G. Proakis and D. Manolakis

2. Digital Signal Processing: R. A. Roberts and C. T. Mullis

3. Understanding Digital Signal Processing: R. G. Lyons

**ECE 330 Telecommunication Switching Systems 3 credits**

Evolution of telecommunication switching and circuits: Evolution of Public Switched Telecommunication Networks Strowger exchange, Crossbar exchange, Stored programme exchange. Digital exchange – Basic Telecommunication equipment – Telephone handset, Hybrid circuit, Echo suppressors and cancellors, PCM coders, Modems and Relays. Electronic switching: Circuit Switching, Message switching, Centralized stored programme switching, Time switching, Spare switching, Combination switching – Digital switching system hardware configuration, Switching system software, Organization, Switching system call processing software, Hardware software integration. Telecommunication signaling and traffic: Channel associated signaling, Common channel signaling, SS7 signaling protocol, SS7 protocol architecture, Concept of Telecommunication traffic, Grade of service, Modeling switching systems, Blocking models and Delay systems. Integrated digital networks: Subscriber loop characteristics, Local access wire line and wire less PCM / TDM carrier standards transmission line codes, Digital multiplexing techniques, Synchronous, Asynchronous, Plesiocronous multiplexing techniques, SONET / SDH, Integrated Digital Network (IDN) environment – Principles of Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) – Cellular Mobile Communication Principles. Prerequisite ECE 310.

Recommended Books:

1. Digital Switching Systems: Syed R. Ali

2. Telecommunication Switching System and Networks: Viswanathan

3. Introduction to Data Communication and Networking: B. Forouzan

4. Integrated Digital Networks: L.S. Lawton

**ECE 340 Optoelectronic Devices 3 credits**

Elements of Light and Solid State Physics: Wave nature of light, Polarization, Interference, Diffraction, Light Source, review of Quantum Mechanical concept, Review of Solid State Physics, Review of Semiconductor Physics, Semiconductor Junction Device, Review. Display Devices and Lasers: Introduction, Photo Luminescence, Cathode Luminescence, Electro Luminescence, Injection Luminescence, LED, Plasma Displaycs, Liquid Crystal Displays, Numeric Display, Laser Emission, Absorption, Radiation, Population Inversion, Optical feedback, Threshold condition, Laser Modes, Classes of Lasers, Mode Locking, Laser applications. Optical detection devices: Photo detector, Thermal detector, Photon Devices, Photo Conductors, Photo diodes, Detector Performance. Optoelectronic modulator and switching devices: Introduction, Analog and Digital Modulation, Electro-optic modulators, Magneto Optic Devices, Optical, Switching and Logic Devices. Optoelectronic integrated circuits: Introduction, hybrid and Monolithic Integration, Applications of Opto Electronics Integrated Circuits, Integrated transmitters and Receivers, Guided wave devices. Pre requisite ECE 230.

Recommended Books:

1. Optoelectronics and Photonics Principles and Practices: Kasap

2. Optoelectronics – An Introduction: J.Wilson and J.Haukes

3. Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices: P. Bhattacharya

4. Optoelectronics – An Introduction to materials and Devices: J. Singh

**ECE 424 Power Electronics 3 credits**

Power semiconductor devices: Power transistors, Fast recovery diodes, Thyristors, Power TRIAC, MOSFET, IGBT, GTO, UJT and DIAC-characteristics, rating, Protection circuits, Driver Circuits. Power supplies: Single Phase and Three Phase Controlled rectifiers, Design of Trigger circuits, Switching mode regulators – Boost, Buck, Buck-Boost and Cuk regulators, AC voltage regulator. Inverters: Voltage and current source inverters, Resonant, Series inverter, PWM inverter. Choppers: Type A, B, C and D choppers, Pulse width modulation - Gating requirements. Motor control: DC motor drives, Induction and Synchronous motor drives, Stepper motor control, Switched reluctance and brushless motor drives. Prerequisite APE 302

Recommended Books:

1. Power Electronics: Circuits, Devices and Application: Muhamed H. Roshid

2. Power Electronics: M. D.Singh, K. B. Khanchandani

3. Power Electronics: Converters, Applications and Design: N. Mohan, T. M.Undeland, W. P.Robbins

4. Modern Power Electronics: B. K.Bose

5. Power Electronics: Sen

**ECE 430 Satellite Communications 3 credits**

Orbital parameters: Orbital parameters, Orbital perturbations, Geo stationary orbits. Low Earth and medium Earth orbits. Frequency selection, Frequency co-ordination and regulatory services, Sun transit outages, Limits of visibility, Attitude and Orientation control, Spin stabilization techniques, Gimbal platform. Link calculations: Space craft configuration, Payload and supporting subsystems, Satellite up link-down link, Link power budget, C/No, G/T, Noise temperature, System noise, Propagation factors, Rain and Ice effects, Polarization calculations. Access techniques: Modulation and Multiplexing: Voice, Data, Video, Analog and Digital transmission systems, Multiple access techniques: FDMA, TDMA, T1- T2 carrier systems, SPADE, SS-TDMA, CDMA, Assignment Methods, Spread spectrum communication, Compression techniques. Earth station parameters: Earth station location, Propagation effects of ground, High power transmitters. Receivers: Low noise front-end amplifiers, MIC devices, Antennas: Reflector antennas, Cassegranian feeds, Measurements on G/T and Eb/No. Satellite applications, Mobile Satellite services. Prerequisite ECE 310.

Recommended Books:

1. Satellite Communication Systems Engineering: W. L. Pritchard, G. H. Suyderhood, R. A. Nelson

2. The Satellite Communication Applications Hand Book: B. R. Elbert

3. Satellite Communications: D. Roddy

4. Digital Satellite Communication: T. T. Ha

5. Digital Communication Satellite / Earth Station Engineering: K. Feher

**ECO 103 Principles of Economics 3 credits**

A study of the fundamentals of micro and macroeconomics, nature and method of economics, individual markets, demand and supply, elasticity of demand and supply. Production and cost, market structures with special focus on perfect competition and monopoly, economic efficiency and market failure, determination of national income. The aggregate supply model, unemployment, inflation, unemployment-inflation trade-off, government budget and fiscal policy, money creation and monetary policy, business cycles, economic growth, theory of comparative advantage, free trade versus protection, balance of payments and exchange rate policies.

Recommended Books:

1. Economics: John Solman

2. Principles of Macroeconomics: Robert H Frank

3. Modern Economic Theory: K.K. Dewett

4. International Economics: Appleyard & Field

**ENG 091 Foundation Course (non-credit)**

The English Foundation Course is designed to enable students to develop their competence in reading, writing, speaking, listening and grammar for academic purposes. The students will be encouraged to acquire skills and strategies for using language appropriately and effectively in various situations. The approach at all times will be communicative and interactive involving individual, pair and group work.

Recommended Books:

1. J. C. Richards, J. Hull, and S. Proctor, "New Interchange: Student 's Book 3-A", Cambridge University Press, 2002

2. J. Nadel, B. Johnson, and P. Langan, "Vocabulary Basics", Townsend Press, 1998.

3. A. Hogue, "First steps in Academic Writing", Longman, 1996

4. K. Blanchard, C. Root, "Get Ready to Write", Longman, 1998.

**ENG 101 English Fundamentals 3 credits**

Developing basic writing skills: mechanics, spelling, syntax, usage, grammar review, sentence and essay writing.

Recommended Books:

1. Fundamentals of English: Jack C. Richards

**ENG 102 Composition I 3 credits**

The main focus of this course is writing. The course attempts to enhance students' writing abilities through diverse writing skills and techniques. Students will be introduced to aspects of expository writing: personalized/ subjective and analytical/persuasive. In the first category, students will write essays expressing their subjective viewpoints. In the second category students will analyze issues objectively, sticking firmly to factual details. This course seeks also to develop students' analytical abilities so that they are able to produce works that are critical and thought provoking.

Recommended Books:

1. Composition I: The Pearl; John Steinbeck

**ENV 101 Introduction to Environmental Science 3 credits**

Fundamental concepts and scope of environmental science, Earth's atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biosphere, men and nature, technology and population, ecological concepts and ecosystems, environmental quality and management, agriculture, water resources, fisheries, forestry and wildlife, energy and mineral energy sources; renewable and non renewable resources, environmental degradation; pollution and waste management, environmental impact analysis, remote sensing & environmental monitoring.

Recommended Books:

1. Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World: J. R. McNeil & Paul Kennedy

2. Principles of Ecology: R Brewer

3. Fundamentals of Ecology: E. P. Odum

**HUM 101 World Civilization and Culture 3 credits**

A brief view of the major civilizations and cultural aspects in different continents covering ancient, medieval and modern civilizations. Topics include renaissance, reformation, and the beginning of the modern world, scientific revolution, industrial revolution, the age of democratic revolutions, nineteenth century Europe, Asia-Pacific Region, Africa, World Wars, South Asia: colonization, decolonization and after; contemporary world: Cold War and after.

Recommended Books:

1. World Civilization: Bums & others

2. Civilization: T Walter Walbank and others

3. A History of World Civilization: J. E. Swain

4. Western Civilization: : Robert E. Lerner & Standish Meachem

**HUM 102 Introduction to Philosophy 3 credits**

Philosophy: Concept of philosophy; science and philosophy; religion, literature and philosophy; sources of knowledge: empiricism, rationalism and criticism; concepts of value, ethics and sources of ethical standards.

Recommended Books:

1. A Modern Introduction to Philosophy: P Edwards and A. Pap

2. Philosophy: R. J. Hirst

3. Introduction to Modern Philosophy: C.E.M. Joad

4. An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis: J. Hospers

5. An Outline of Philosophy: A. Matin

6. Introduction of Philosophy: T. W. Patrick

7. Living Issues in Philosophy : H.H. Titus

**HUM 103 Ethics and Culture 3 credits**

This course introduces the students to principles and concepts of ethics and their application to our personal life. It establishes a basic understanding of social responsibility, relationship with social and cultural aspects, and eventually requires each student to develop a framework for making ethical decision in his work. Students learn a systematic approach to moral reasoning. It focuses on problems associated with moral conflicts, justice, the relationship between rightness and goodness, objective vs. subjective, moral judgment, moral truth and relativism. It also examines personal ethical perspectives as well as social cultural norms and values in relation to their use in our society. Topics include: truth telling and fairness, objectivity vs. subjectivity, privacy, confidentiality, bias, economic pressures and social responsibility, controversial and morally offensive content, exploitation, manipulation, special considerations (i.e. juveniles, courts) and professional and ethical work issues and decisions. On conclusion of the course, the students will be able to identify and discuss professional and ethical concerns, use moral reasoning skills to examine, analyze and resolve ethical dilemmas and distinguish differences and similarities among legal, ethical and moral perspectives.

Recommended Books:

1. Ethics, Culture and Psychiatry - International Perspectives: Ahmed Okasha, Julio Arboleda

2. Ethics and HRD: A New Approach to Leading Responsible Organizations: Tim Hatcher

3. The Ethical Challenge: How to Lead with Unyielding Integrity: Noel M. Tichy and Andrew R.

4. Dignity of Difference: How to Avoid the Clash of Civilizations: Jonathan Sacks

5. Culture and Ethics: Michel Labour, Charles Juwah, Nancy White and Sarah Tolley

6. Culture Matters: How Values Shape Human Progress: Samuel P. Huntington

**HUM 111 History of Science 3 credits**

This course will present a general overview of the development of scientific knowledge from ancient to modern times. It will examine how our modern scientific worldview developed over the ages in the fields of astronomy, physics, biology, chemistry, medicine, geology and other science disciplines. Focus will be on significant discoveries, the major scientists responsible for these revolutions, and the interrelation between science and society over the centuries. The course will contain the following:

Science & philosophy, development of science in the ancient times, Greek & Egyptian science, science in the Orient, medieval science, science in the Islamic world, Western renaissance & industrialization, evolutionary theory, science in the modern ages. Science & religion, nature of scientific truth, validation of scientific theories.

Recommended Books:

1. Reader's Guide to the History of Science: A. Hessenbruch

2. Scientific Laws, Principles, and Theories: a Reference Guide: Robert E Krebs

3. The History of Science: an Annotated Bibliography: G Miller

4. A Guide to the History of Science: a First Guide for the Study of the History of Science, with Introductory Essays on Science and Tradition: G. Sarton

5. Knowledge & the World: Challenges Beyond the Science Wars: M. Cavrier, J. Roggenhofer, G. Kuppers & P. Blanclard

6. The Forgotten Revolution: How Science was Born in 300 BC and Why It Had to be Reborn: Lucio Russo

7. Hitler's Scientists: Science, War and the Devil's Fact: J. Cornwell

**MAT 102 Introduction to Mathematics 3 credits**

Factorisation, Synthetic Division, Zeros (Roots) of Polynomials, Relation between Roots and Coefficients, Nature of Roots (Descarte's Rule of signs); Complex Number System, Graphical representation of Complex Numbers (Argand Diagram), Polar form of Complex Numbers; Conic Sections, Parabola, Circle, Ellipse, Hyperbola, Transformation of Coordinates and Applications; Exponential Growth & Decay. Applications; Mathematical Induction; Determinants, Fundamental Properties of Determinants, Minors and Cofactors, Application of Determinants to solve System of Linear Equations (Cramers, Rule); Introduction to Matrix Algebra, Matrix Multiplication, Augmented Matrix, Adjoint Matrix, Inverse Matrix, Application of Matrices-solution of System of Linear Equations (homogeneous & non-homogeneous), Consistency of System of Equations.

Recommended Books:

1. Algebra and Trigonometry: Lial and C.D. Miller

2. College Algebra: Michael Sullivan

**MAT 105 Calculus 3 credits**

Differential Calculus: Limits, continuity and differentiability, differentiation, Taylor's, Maclaurine's & Euler's theorems, indeterminate forms, tangent and normal, sub tangent and subnormal, maxima and minima, radius of curvature & their applications, introduction to calculus of function of several variables, Taylor's theorem, maxima and minima for function of several variables. Transformation of coordinates & rotation of axes, conic sections.

Integral Calculus: Definition of integration, techniques of integration for definite & indefinite integrals, improper integrals, area, volume and surface integration, arc length and their applications, multiple integrals, Jacobian, line integrals, divergence theorem and Stokes' theorem, beta function and gamma function.

Recommended Books:

1. Calculus: Howard Anton

2. Calculus with analytic Geometry: E. W. Swokowski

**MAT 203 Matrices, Linear Algebra & Differential Equations 3 credits**

Matrices: Types of matrices, algebraic operation on matrices, determinants, adjoint & inverse matrix, orthogonality & diagonalization of matrix.

Linear Algebra: System of linear equations, vector space; 2D- space, 3D- space, Euclidean nD- space, sub space, linear dependence, basis and dimension, row space, column space, rank and nullity, linear transformation, eigen value and eigen vector, matrix diagonalization and similarity, application of linear algebra.

Ordinary Differential Equations: Introduction to differential equations, first-order differential equations and applications, higher order differential equations and applications, series solutions of linear equations, systems of linear first-order differential equations. Prerequisite MAT 105

Recommended Books:

1. Elementary Linear Algebra: Howard Anton

2. Introductory Linear Algebra with Application: Bernard Kolman

3. First Course in Linear Algebra: P.B. Bhattacharya & S.K. Jain

4. A First Course in Differential Equations: D.G. Zill

5. Introduction to Differential Equations: L. Ross

**MAT 204 Complex Variables & Fourier Analysis 3 credits**

Complex Variables: Complex number systems, general functions of a complex variable, limits and continuity of a function of complex variables and related theorems, complex differentiation and Cauchy-Riemann equations, mapping by elementary functions, line integral of a complex function. Cauchy's integral theorem, Cauchy's integral formula, Liouville's theorem, Taylor's and Laurent's theorem, singular points, residue, Cauchy's residue theorem, evaluation of residues, contour integration and conformal mapping.

Fourier analysis: Real and complex form, finite Fourier transform, Fourier integrals, Fourier transforms and their use in solving boundary value problems. Prerequisite MAT 105

Recommended Books:

1. Complex Variable and Applications: James W Brown and Ruel V Churchill

2. Complex Variables: M R Speigel

**MAT 205 Introduction to Numerical Methods 3 credits**

Computer arithmetic: floating point representation of numbers, arithmetic operations with normalized floating point numbers; iterative methods, different iterative methods for finding the roots of an equation f (x) = 0 and their computer implementation; solution of simultaneous algebraic equations by various methods, solution of tri-diagonal system of equations, interpolation for equispaced and non-equispaced nodes, least square approximation of functions, curve fitting, Taylor series representation, Chebyshev series, numerical differentiation and integration and numerical solution of ordinary differential equations & partial differential equations. Prerequisite MAT 203

Recommended Books:

1. Introductory Methods of Numerical Analysis: S.S. Sastry

2. Numerical Analysis: R.L. Burden and J.D. Faires

3. Numerical Recipes: W.H. Press, S.A. Teukolsky, W.T. Vetterling & B.P. Flannery

**MGT 211 Principles of Management 3 credits**

Meaning and importance of management, evolution of management thoughts; managerial decision making; Environmental impact, corporate social responsibility, planning, setting objectives, implementing plans, organizing; organization design, managing change, directing, motivation, leadership, managing work groups, controlling: principles, process and problems and managers in changing environment.

Recommended Books:

1. Management: Stephen P. Robbins and Mary Coulter

2. Management: James A. F. Stoner, Edward R. Freeman & Daniel R. Gilbert

**PHY 115 Electricity and Magnetism 3 Credits**

Charge, quantization of charge, Coulomb's Law, electric field and potential. Gauss's Law, electric dipole, dielectrics, capacitance, energy of charged systems, electrical images, magnetic dipole, energy in a magnetic field. Direct current and electromotive force, Ohm's Law, Kirchhoff's Laws, Wheatstone Bridge, Lorentz force, magnetic field of a current and Ampere's Law, Biot-Savart Law, electromagnetic induction, Faraday's Law, selfinduction, mutual induction, alternating current, RMS value, power factor, CR, LR and LCR circuits, resonance.

Recommended Books:

1. Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory: John R. Reitz, F. J. Milford and

R. W. Christy

2. Physics: R. Resnick and D. Halliday

3. Electromagnetic Fields and Waves: Paul Lorrain and Dale Corson

4. Electricity and Magnetism with Electronics: K.K. Tewari

5. Fundamentals of Electricity & Magnetism: A. Kip

6. University Physics: Francis W. Sears, Mark W. Zemansky, Hugh D. Young

**PHY 202 Optics 3 Credits**

Laws of reflection and refraction, total internal reflection, Huygens' Principle, velocity of light, Young's experiment, Fresnel's bi-prism, Newton's rings, Michelson's interferometer, multiple reflections, Fabry-Perot interferometer, diffraction of light, Fresnel and Fraunhoffer diffraction, single, double and multiple-slit diffraction, diffraction grating, spectrometer, resolving power of a grating, polarization of light, production of polarized light, plane, circular and elliptically polarized light, optical activity, double refraction, optic axis, half-wave and quarter-wave plate, nicol prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, Thomson scattering.

Recommended Books:

1. Vibrations and Waves: A. P. French

2. Fundamentals of Optics: Francis A. Jenkins and Harvey E. White

3. Optics: Eugene Hecht and Alfred Zajac

4. Fundamentals of Physics: D. Halliday, R. Resnick & J. Walker

5. University Physics: Francis W. Sears, Mark W. Zemansky, Hugh D. Young

**PHY 204 Classical Mechanics and Special Theory of Relativity 3 Credits**

Classical Mechanics: Newtonian equations of motion, conservation laws of a system of particles, variable mass, generalized coordinates, generalized force, D' Alembert's Principle, variational method, Euler-Lagrange equations of motion, Hamilton's principles, twobody central force problem, elliptic orbit, scattering in a central field, Rutherford formula, kinematics of rigid body motion, Euler angles, rotating co-ordinates, Coriolis force, wind motion, principal axis transformation, top motion, principle of least action, Hamiltonian equations of motion, small oscillations, normal coordinates, normal modes.

Special Theory of Relativity: Galilean relativity, Michelson-Morley experiment, postulates of special theory of relativity, Lorentz transformation, length contraction, time dilation, twin paradox, variation of mass, relativistic kinematics, mass energy relation.

Recommended Books:

1. Classical Mechanics: H. Goldstein

2. Special Relativity: A.P. French

3. Perspectives of Modern Physics: A. Beiser

4. Special Relativity from Einstein to Strings: Patricia Schwarz

5. An Introduction to Special & General Relativity: Hans Stephain

**PHY 303 Quantum Mechanics 3 Credits**

Breakdown of classical physics, quantum nature of radiation, Planck's Law, photoelectric effect, Einstein's photon concept and explanation of photoelectric effect, de Broglie wave, wave particle duality, electron diffraction, DavissonGermer experiment, emergence of quantum mechanics, Schrodinger equation, basic postulates of quantum mechanics, physical interpretation of wave function, wave packets, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, linear operators, Hermitian operators, eigenvalue equation, one-dimensional potential problem, harmonic oscillator, orbital angular momentum, rotation operator, spherical harmonics, spin angular momentum, addition of angular momenta, solution of the Schrodinger equation for hydrogen atom, matrix formulation of quantum mechanics.

Recommended Books:

1. Quantum Mechanics: John L. Powell and B. Craseman

2. Quantum Mechanics: L.I. Schiff

3. Quantum Mechanics: E. Merzbacher

4. Quantum Mechanics: A.M. Harun ar Rashid

5. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics: P.T. Matthews

6. Modern Quantum Mechanics: J.J. Sakurai

7. Quantum Mechanics: D.R. Bes

**PHY 304 Atomic & Molecular Physics 3 Credits**

Rutherford scattering experiment, Discovery of the nucleus, Bohr quantization rules, hydrogen atom spectra, FranckHertz experiment, SommerfeldWilson quantization rules, electron spin, Stern – Gerlach experiment, Pauli exclusion principle, electronic configuration of atoms, vector atom model, coupling schemes, Hund's rule, multiplet structure, fine structure in hydrogen spectral lines, Zeeman effect, Paschen-Beck effect, production of Xrays, measurement of Xray wavelength, Xray scattering, Compton Effect, Mosely's Law, molecular spectra, rotational and vibrational levels, Raman Effect and its applications, lasers.

Recommended Books:

1. Perspectives of Modern Physics: A. Beiser

2. Concepts of Modern Physics: A. Beiser

3. Atomic Physics: Rajam

4. Atomic & Molecular Spectroscopy: S. Svanberg

5. Essentials of Modern Physics: Virgilio Acosta, Clyde L. Cowan

and B. J. Graham

6. Modern Physics : Kenneth S. Krane

7. Modern Physics by Robert L. Sproull & W. Andrew Phillips

**PHY 305 Nuclear Physics I 3 Credits**

Basic properties of nuclei, constituents of nuclei, nuclear mass, charge, size and density, nuclear force, spin, angular momentum, electric and magnetic moments, binding energy, separation energy, semiempirical mass formula, radioactive decay law, transformation laws of successive changes, measurement of decay constant, artificial radioactivity, radioisotopes, theory of alpha decay, gamma radiation, energy measurement, pair spectrometer, classical treatment of gamma emission, internal conversion, Mossbauer Effect, beta decay, energy measurement, conservation of energy and momentum in beta decay, neutrino hypothesis, orbital electron capture, positron emission, interaction of radiation in matter, ionisation, multiple scattering, range determination, bremsstrahlung, pair production, annihilation. Discovery of neutrons, production and properties of neutrons, nuclear reactions, elastic and inelastic scattering, Qvalue of a reaction and its measurements, nuclear crosssection, compound nucleus theory, direct reaction and kinematics. Prerequisite PHY 304

Recommended Books:

1. Introduction to Nuclear Physics: H.A. Enge

2. Concepts of Nuclear Physics: B.L. Cohen

3. Elements of Nuclear Physics: W.E. Meyerhof

4. Nuclear Physics: W.E. Burcham

5. Nuclear Physics: Irving Kaplan

6. Fundamentals of Nuclear Physics: N.A. Gelly

7. Introductory Nuclear Physics: Kenneth S. Krane

**PHY 310 Advanced Solid State Physics 3 Credits**

Free electron theory, transport properties, Sommerfeld theory, Hall Effect, box quantization, density of states, Fermi surface, Fermi energy, electrical conductivity, Wiedmann Franz law, band theory of solids, electron in a periodic potential, Schrödinger equation, Bloch function, LCAO and OPW methods, dielectric properties of insulators, ClausiusMosotti relations, dielectric loss, relaxation time, polarization mechanism, direct & indirect band gap semiconductors, extrinsic semiconductors, charge carrier concentration, recombination process of pn junction, superconductivity, Meissner Effect, London equation, BCS theory, introduction to high temperature superconductivity, magnetic materials, quantum theory of diamagnetism and paramagentism, theory of ferromagnetic, ferrimagnetic and antiferromagnetic orders, magnetic resonance. Prerequisite APE 201.

Recommended Books:

1. Introduction to Sold State Physics: Charles Kittel

2. Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics: F. Reif

3. Introduction to Solid State Physics: A. J. Dekker

4. Solid State Physics: M.A. Omar

5. Solid State Physics: N.Y. Ashcroft and N..D. Mermin

**PHY 311 X-Rays 3 Credits**

Continuous and Characteristic X-rays, Bremsstrahlung, Properties of Xrays, Xray technique, Weissenberg and precession methods, identification of crystal structure from powder photograph and diffraction traces, Laue photograph for single crystal, geometrical and physical factors affecting Xray intensities, analysis of amorphous solids and fibre textured crystal. Prerequisite APE 201

Recommended Books:

1. Elements of X-ray Diffraction: B.D. Cullity

2. X-ray Structure Determination: G.H. Stout and L.H. Jensen

3. Crystal, X-ray and Proteins: D. Sherwood

4. Elements of X-ray Crystallography: E.V. Azroff

**PHY 313 Physics for Development 3 Credits**

Twenty first century development issues, physics and break through technologies, ICT, fibre optics, quantum information theory, physics in genetics engineering and molecular biology, physics and health issues, bio and medical physics, materials science and physics, high temperature superconducting materials, space physics, microgravity experiments, econo-physics, physics principles applied in sociology.

Recommended Books:

1. Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science: J.L. Heilbron.

2. The Evolution of Technology (Cambridge Studies in the History of Science): George Basalla & Owen Hannaway

3. Technology in World Civilization: A Thousand-Year History: Arnold Pacey

4. Zoological Physics: B.K. Ahlborn

5. New Directions in Statistical Physics: Econophysics, Bioformatics & Pattern Reorganization: L.T. Willie

6. Knowledge & the World: Challenges Beyond the Science Wars: M. Cavrier, J. Roggenhofer, G. Kuppers & P. Blanchard

**PHY 406 Medical Physics & Instrumentation 3 Credits**

Ultrasound imaging, Ascan, Bscan, Mscan, clinical applications, rectilinear scanner, gamma camera, CAT scanner, MRI, clinical applications, audiology, hearing aids, vascular measurements, blood pressure, blood flow, blood velocity, cardiac measurements; ECG, ECG planes, elementary ideas on heart disorders, defibrillators, pacemakers, neuromuscular measurements; EEG, EMG, stimulation of neural tissue, nerve conduction measurements, bioelectric amplifiers, patient safety, radiopharmaceuticals, radiotherapy, radiation protection, radiation dosimetry.

Recommended Books:

1. Medical Physics and Physiological Measurements: B.H. Brown and R.H. Smallwood

2. Medical Physics: J.R. Cameron and J.G. Skofronick

3. Introduction to Health Physics: H. Cember

**PHY 409 Physics of Radiology 3 Credits**

The production and properties of X-rays, diagnostic and therapeutic X-ray tubes, X-ray circuit with rectification, electron interaction, characteristic radiation, bremsstrahlung, angular distribution of X-rays, quality of X-rays, beam restricting devices, the grid, radiographic film, radiographic quality, factors affecting the image, image modification, image intensification, contrast media, modulation transfer function, exposure in diagnostic radiology, fluoroscopy, computed tomography, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Recommended Books:

1. Introduction to Health Physics: H. Cember

2. Radiobiology for the Radiologist: E.J. Hall

3. The Physics of Radiology: Harold Elford Johns

**PHY 410 Laser Physics 3 Credits**

Spontaneous and stimulated emission, absorption, pumping schemes, characteristic properties of laser beam, laser speckle, grain size calculation for freespace propagation, semi classical treatment of absorption and stimulated emission, spontaneous emission, results of QED treatment, electric dipole, allowed and forbidden transitions, Einstein's A and B coefficient, radiation trapping, superfluorescence, superradiane and amplified spontaneous emission, nonradiative decay, homogeneous and inhomogeneous broadening, linewidth calculations for naturally, collisionally and Doppler broadened line, two level and four, level saturation, saturation of absorption & inhomogeneously broadened line, passive optical resonators, continuous wave and transient laser behaviour, laser beam transformation, types of lasers, their construction and use, applications of lasers, optical communications, laser in fusion research, holography. Prerequisite PHY 304

Recommended Books:

1. Fundamentals of Quantum Electronics: R.H. Pantell and H.E. Putoff

2. Principles of Laser: Orazio Svelto

3. Laser Electronics: J.T. Verdyen

4. Laser Fundamentals: W Silfvast

**POL 103 Introduction to Political Science 3 Credits**

A study of political systems and process with special reference to Bangladesh. Topics include nature and origin of state, sovereignty of state, forms of political units, liberty, law, process of politics, political structure, political ideas- democracy, socialism, nationalism, peoples' behaviour in politics. Political system, process and problems of Bangladesh.

Recommended Books:

1. A History of Political Thought: Plato to Marx: Subrata Mukherjee & Sushila Ramaswamy

2. An Introduction to Political Science: Rand Dyck

3. A Social Political History of Bengal and the Birth of Bangladesh: Kamruddin Ahmed

4. Radical Politics and the Emergence of Bangladesh: Talukder Manizzaman

5. India and Pakistan: A Political Analysis: Hugh Tinker

6. Politics and Policy Making in Developing Countries: Perspective on the New Political Economy: Gerald M. Meier

7. Political Culture, Political Parties and Democratic Transition in Bangladesh: Shamsul I. Khan, S. Aminul Islam & Imdadul Haque

8. Involvement in Bangladesh's Struggle for Freedom: T. Hossain

9. History of Bangladesh 1704-1971: Political History: Sirajul Islam

10. Conflict and Compromise: An Introduction to Political Science: H.R. Winter

**POL 245 Women, Power & Politics 3 Credits**

A critical examination of the impact of gender on forms and distributions of power and politics, with primary reference to the experience of Women in South Asia. Three major concerns will be addressed. First, what do we: mean by "sex", "gender". "women", "power" and "politics"? Second, how do issues of class and race/ethnicity inform our understanding of women and politics? Third, what is the relationship between women and the state? How can women organise collectively to challenge state policies, how does the state respond to organised women? Prerequisite POL 103

Recommended Books:

1. The Elusive Agenda: Mainstreaming Women in Development, UPL: Raunaq Jahan.

2. Persistent Inequalities: Women and World Development, 1990: Frene Tinker

3. Women Leaders in Development Organizations and Institutions: Sayeda Rawsan Kadir.

4. Population Policy and Women Rights: Transforming Reproductive Choice: Prayer, Ruth Dixon-Mueller.

5. Women in Politics, 1994, Dhaka Women for Women: Najma Chowdhury, Hamida A Begum, Mahmuda Islam and Nazmunnessa Mahtab.

**PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology 3 Credits**

The objective of this course is to provide knowledge about the basic concepts and principles of psychology pertaining to real-life problems. The course will familiarize students with the fundamental process that occur within organism-biological basis of behaviour, perception, motivation, emotion, learning, memory and forgetting and also to the social perspective-social perception and social forces that act upon the individual.

Recommended Books:

1. Introduction to Psychology: C.T. Morgan

2. Introduction to Psychology: R.F. Crider

3. Understanding Psychology: Robert Feldman

**SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology 3 credits**

Perspectives on society, culture, and social interaction, Topics include community, class, ethnicity, family, sex roles, and deviance. Social problems and sociological problems. Problems, theories, and the nature of sociological explanation. Explanation, evidence and objectivity. Sociology as a comparative study of social action and social systems. Some models of sociological thinking as applied to the study of the following: aspects of social ranking; forms of interpersonal and personal relationships; the changing nature of the relationship between economy and society; the sociology of development; the origins and spread of capitalism and socialism; ideology and belief systems; religion and society; rationality and non-rationality; conformity and deviance.

Recommended Books:

1. Sociology: Anthony Giddens

2. Sociology: Richard T. Schaefer

3. Sociology: Rao and C.N. Shankar

4. Sociology: Neil J. Smelser

**SOC 401 Gender and Development 3 credits**

Position & role of women in society, contemporary issues, analysis of various aspects of gender relations, gender discrimination, societal attitude, different forms of feminism, women in higher education, employment of women & discrimination, workplace harassment, contribution of women in development: world picture I position in Bangladesh. Prerequisite SOC 101

Recommended Books:

1. Women and Social Security: Progress Towards Equality of Treatment, 1990 Geneva International Labor Office: Anne- Marie Brocas, Anne-Marie Cailloux and Virgine Oget.

2. Impact of Women in Development Projects on Women Status and Fertility in Bangladesh, 1993, Dhaka, Development Researchers and Associates: M. Kabir, Rokeya Khatun, Ishrat Ahmed.

3. Integration of Women in Development: Why, When and How: Ester Boseup, Cristine Liljencrantz.

4. Women in the Third World: Gender Issue in Rural and Urban areas: Hants

5. Women, Man and Society: The Sociology of Gender: Allyn and Bacon, Claire M Renzetti, Daniel J Curran.

6. Race, Ethnicity, Gender and Class: the Sociology of Group Conflict and Change, London: Joseph F Healey

**STA 201 Elements of Statistics and Probability 3 credits**

Frequency distribution, mean, median, mode and other measures of central tendency, standard deviation and other measures of dispersion, moments, skewness and kurtosis, elementary probability theory and discontinuous probability distribution, binomial, Poisson and negative binomial distribution, continuous probability distributions, normal and exponential, characteristics of distributions, hypothesis testing and regression analysis, basic concepts and applications of probability theory and statistics, chi-squared test.

Recommended Books:

1. Probability and Random Processes: G.R. Grimmett and D.R. Stirzaker

2. Elementary Probability Theory with Stochastic Processes: K.L. Chung

**b. Practical Courses:**

**APE 104 APE Lab I 1.5 Credits**

**List of Experiments:**

EXP 1: Determination of the Modulus of Rigidity of a Wire by the Method of Oscillations

EXP 2: Determination of Surface Tension of Mercury and the Angle of Contact by Quincke's Method

EXP 3: Determination of the Specific Heat of a Liquid by the Method of Cooling

EXP 4: Determination of the Thermal Conductivity of a Bad Conductor by Lee's Method

EXP 5: Determination of the Specific Resistance of a Wire using a Meter Bridge

EXP 6: Determination of the High Resistance of a Suspended Coil Galvanometer by the Method of Deflection

EXP 7: Determination of the Temperature Co-efficient of Resistance of the Material of a Wire

EXP 8: Determination of the Line Frequency by Lissajous Figure using an Oscilloscope and a Function Generator and Verification of the Calibration of Time/Div Knob at a Particular Position for Different Frequencies

EXP 9: Charging and Discharging of Capacitors and Study of Their Various Characteristics.

EXP 10: Verification of Thevenin's and Norton's Theorem.

EXP 11: Verification of Maximum Power Transfer Theorem.

EXP 12: Verification of Current Division Rule (CDR), KVL and KCL

EXP 13: Conversion of Galvanometer into Voltmeter.

EXP 14: Conversion of Galvanometer into Ohmmeter.

EXP 15: Determination of the e/m of Electron Using Helmholtz Coil.

EXP 16: Determination of the Threshold Frequency for Photoelectric Effect of a Photo-Cathode and the Value of Planck's Constant by Using a Photoelectric Cell.

**APE 206 APE Lab II 1.5 Credits**

**List of Experiments:**

EXP 1: Determination of the Refractive Index of the Material of a Prism by using a Spectrometer.

EXP 2: Determination of the Radius of Curvature of a Lens by Newton's Rings Method

EXP 3: Determination of the Wavelengths of Various Spectral Lines by Spectrometer by using Plane Diffraction Grating

EXP 4: Study of the Frequency Responses of Series and Parallel LRC Series Circuit and the Variation of Q-factor with Resistance.

EXP 5: Study of the Variation of Electrical Conductivity of a Semiconductor and Determine of its Energy Gap.

EXP 6: Study of the Characteristics of a PN Junction and Zener Diode.

EXP 7: Study of the Characteristics of a NPN Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) in Common Base configuration.

EXP 8: Study of the Characteristics of Junction Field Effect Transistor (JFET) in Common source configuration.

EXP 9: Design and construction of a 4-diode Full Wave Rectifier power supply and study the effect of Shunt Capacitor filter.

EXP 10: Implementation of AND, OR, NOT logic gates.

EXP 11: Design of S-R flip-flop

EXP 12: To design Code converters (Decimal-to-BCD, BCD-to-Decimal)

EXP 13: To design Ripple, Ring and Decade Counters using JK-FFs.

EXP 14: To study the characteristics of IC MUX, to realization of combinational circuits and generation of complex wavesforms.

EXP 15: Use of IC 74138 decoder as DEMUX, realization of 1-to-16 line DEMUX using 74138.

**APE 301 APE Lab III 1.5 Credits**

**List of Experiments:**

EXP 1: Study of the characteristics of a Uni-junction Transistor.

EXP 2: Study of the characteristics of a Silicon Controlled Rectifier Transistor.

EXP 3: To draw and study the I-V characteristics of a solar cell.

EXP 4: Design and construction of a BJT CE single-stage amplifier using potential divider biasing.

EXP 5: Study the frequency response characteristics of a two stage RC coupled BJT amplifier.

EXP 6: Study of the characteristics of 741 Operational Amplifier.

EXP 7: Design of Inverting and Non-inverting amplifiers.

EXP 8: Design and construction of active low pass and high pass filters using Op-Amps.

EXP 9: Design and construction of active Butterworth Band pass filter.

EXP 10: Design and construction of a Summing Amplifier using 741 Op-Amp.

EXP 11: Study of the percentage distortion and power output of a complimentary symmetry push-pull power amplifier.

EXP 12: Design and Construction of a Colpitts Oscillator.

EXP 13: Design and Construction of Astable and Monostable Multividrators using BJTs

EXP 14: Expt with minority carrier.

EXP 15: Design and Construction of a Crystal Oscillator.

**APE 303 APE Lab IV 1.5 Credits**

**List of Experiments:**

EXP 1: Design and Construction of an Amplitude modulator and a demodulator.

EXP 2: Design and Construction of a Frequency modulator and a demodulator.

EXP 3: Design and Construction of a Phase-Shift-Keying and its detection.

EXP 4: Design and Construction of a Pulse Amplitude modulation and its detection.

EXP 5: Design and Construction of a Pulse Width modulation and its detection.

EXP 6: Design and Construction of a Pulse Code modulation and its detection.

EXP 7: To study Time Division Multiplex System

EXP 8: Expt. with DSP (using DSP trainer)

EXP 9: To measure microwave standing wave ratio.

EXP 10: To measure microwave Frequency and Wavelength.

EXP 11: Expt. with microwave antenna.

EXP 12: Expt. with PLL.

EXP 13: Expt. with Fiber-Optic Communication.

EXP 14: To Study the TV Composite Video signal.

EXP 15: Design, construction and testing of an Astable, Monostable and Voltage Controlled Oscillator using 555 Timer.

EXP 16: Expt. with microprocessor (8086).

Recommended Books:

1. Practical Physics: Giasuddin Ahmed and M. Sahabuddin

2. Advanced Practical Physics for Students: B.L. Worsnop and H.T. Flint

**c. Dissertation/Report**

**APE 400 Thesis / Project 3 credits**

A student is required to carry out thesis/project work in the 7th and 8th semester in a chosen field. There will be a supervisor who will either be a BRAC University faculty or any other suitable expert from universities and R/D organizations of the country to guide the thesis/ project work .On completion of study and research s/he will have to submit the dissertation/report and face a viva board for the defence.

**d. Internship 1 credit**

The internship aims at providing on the job exposure to the students and an opportunity for translating theoretical concepts to real life situation. Students will be placed at R/D institutions, electronics & IT firms etc for their internship programme.

**IX. Facilities & Logistics**

BRAC University has a Mathematics & Natural Science Department and Physics is an integral part of that. At present an under-graduate programme for the degree of B. Sc. in Physics is offered and different relevant physics courses are also being offered to undergraduate students of Computer Science and Engineering, Computer Science, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Architecture, Business Administration, Economics, Law & English departments.

BRAC University has the competent teaching staff, classrooms, seminar rooms, conference rooms & well-equipped laboratories. To run the proposed undergraduate applied physics & electronics programme more faculties will be recruited. Experimental facilities in the labs will also be expanded.