DMG 511: Fundamentals of Disaster Risk Management
Provides a basic overview of the various types of natural, human-induced and industrial hazards and their potential for causing disasters and general principles of disaster risk management. The purpose is to familiarize students with the basic concepts of hazards, disasters and vulnerability. A risk management perspective with a view towards disaster risk reduction and building resilience of communities and developing capacity of institutions will be emphasized. Contents: Natural hazards, Human-induced hazards, Industrial hazards, Distinction between hazard and disaster, Vulnerability, Resilience, Risk, Conceptual framework of disaster risk management, Multi-hazard risk management, Basic concepts of risk reduction and resilience building, Developing and strengthening institutions. 3 credits.
References: ADB (1992) Disaster Mitigation in Asia and the Pacific. Manila, ADB. ADPC (2006) Disaster Risk Management Primer for Asia and the Pacific. Bangkok, Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC). Blakie, P. et al (1994) At Risk: Natural Hazards, People’s Vulnerability and Disasters. London, Routledge. Hall, G. and Snedden, R. (1996) Natural Disasters: Factfinders. Bristol, Parragon. IDNDR (2000a) Natural Disasters: Strategies for Mitigation and Disaster Response. Germany, IDNDR. UNDRO (1991). Mitigating Natural Disasters – Phenomenon, Effects and OptionsWithers, J. (1988) Major Industrial Hazards: The Appraisal and Control. Aldershot (UK), Gower Technical Press.
DMG 512: Disaster Preparedness, Response and Recovery Strategies
Gives an overview of the range of strategies for preparedness in the pre-impact stage in hazardous areas and correspondingly reducing vulnerability of communities, and also provides knowledge on aspects of management of the post-impact phase of a disaster. The purpose is to instill awareness of the importance of disaster preparedness for damage prevention and vulnerability reduction, as well as understanding of specific actions that should be taken during the post-impact stage of a disaster to facilitate its effective management. Contents: Disaster preparedness planning, Risk insurance, Emergency rescue and relief needs, Long-term recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction, Post-disaster trauma management, Special needs for women, children and disabled. 3 credits.
References: Auf der Heide, E. (1990) Disaster Response: Principles of Preparation and Co-ordination. St. Louis, CV Mosby. Baker, J. and Zetter, R. (1995) Studies on Emergencies and Disaster Relief: Report no. 2. Uppsala, Nordiska Afrikainstitutet. Schreider, Tari (1998) Encyclopedia of Disaster Recovery, Security and RiskManagement. New York, Crucible. Shah, H.C. (2002) “Beyond Earthquake Loss Estimation Technologies: Strategies for Risk Reduction” in International Conference on Earthquake Loss Estimation and Risk Reduction, Bucharest. UNDP (2005) Reports on Flood 2004 Response and Recovery Programs (includesdocumentary DVD “Fix the Risk”). Dhaka, UNDP.
DMG 513: Community Based Approaches to Disaster Risk Management
Provides an overview of approaches for facilitating communities to develop disaster preparedness and recovery plans. The objective is to develop appreciation of the importance of the role of the community in managing disasters that it faces and the function of organizations in facilitating this management. Contents: Household risk mapping, community risk assessment, community based disaster management, Community mobilization, Empowerment, Indigenous knowledge, Facilitating self-help initiatives, Sustaining long-term community based disaster risk management. 3 credits.
References: Ahmed, K.I. (2001) Participatory Action Research on Building-for-Safety Options for Low-Income Rural Housing in Flood-Prone Areas. Research report. Dhaka, BUET and UK, University of Exeter. Ara, S. (1998) “Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation of Flood-Proofing Pilot Project, CARE-Bangladesh”. PLA Notes, Issue 31. London, IIED. Dixit, A. (1999) “Community-Based Initiatives in Earthquake Risk Management Process in Nepal” in NSET-2, The Kathmandu Valley Earthquake Risk Management Action Plan. Kathmandu, NSET. Maskrey, A. (1989) “Disaster Mitigation: A Community Based Approach” in Mata, F. and MacDonald, M. (eds) Human Settlements: People Making a Difference. San Jose (Costa Rica), Earth Council. UNCRD (2003) International Workshop on People, Communities and Disasters. Proceedings. Hyogo, UNCRD
DMG 514: Tools and Techniques in Disaster Risk Management
Imparts knowledge on various tools and techniques commonly applied in disaster risk management and how they support decision making. Contents: GIS - Constituents of vector and raster models, Data analysis, Spatial information assembling for disaster risk management, Utilization for decision-making, Remote Sensing Techniques, Geo- and hydro-informatics, MIS, Social and environmental impact assessment, Damage assessment. 3 credits
References: Organization of American States (1990) “Tools and Techniques for Natural Hazard Assessment” in Disaster, Planning and Development: Managing Natural Hazards to Reduce Loss. Washington DC, USAID. Burrough, P.A. (1986) Principles of Geographical Information Systems for Land Resources Assessment. Oxford, Clarendon. Carrara and Guzetti (eds) (1995) Geographical Information Systems in Assessing Natural Hazards. Dordrecht, Kluwer. Heywood, I. et al (1998) An Introduction to Geographical Information Systems. Delhi, Pearson Education Asia. Rosenfeld, C. (1994) “Flood Hazard Reduction: GIS Maps Survival Strategies in Bangladesh”. Geo Info Systems, May 1994.
DMG 515: Organizational and Policy Context of Disaster Risk Management
Reviews the roles of different actors such as the government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and international funding agencies involved in disaster risk management. The purpose is to provide understanding of the organizational framework for defining policy and practice in this field. Contents: Role of the government/NGOs/international funding agencies/private sector/armedforces (may be taught in ‘case-study’ format), Cluster approach and interagency coordination, Humanitarian accountability practices, Code of conduct, Standing Orders, Policy formulation, Program and project implementation. 3 credits.
References: Action Against Hunger UK (2001) NGO Initiative in Risk Reduction Case Study No. 14: Preparation for Flood-Related Disasters. London, Red Cross. InterWorks (1998) Model for National Disaster Management Structure, Preparedness Plan and Supporting Legislation. Madison, InterWorks. Islam, S. (2003) Disaster Management Bureau: Vision and Activities towards National Preparation. Dhaka, DMB. Matin, N. and Taher, M. (2001) “The Changing Emphasis of Disasters in Bangladesh NGOs”. Disasters, Vol. 25, No. 3. DMB (2000) Disaster Management Standing Orders. Dhaka, DMB.
DMG 516: Research and Analytical Methods
Introduces the basic elements, processes and techniques of research utilized for description and analysis with special reference to disaster risk management. The aim is to develop research skills that can be applied in subsequent practice, independent study projects and dissertation writing. Contents: Research typologies, Basic statistical and sampling techniques, Survey techniques, Qualitative and quantitative research, Data analysis, PRA methods, Literature Review, Dissertation writing. 3 credits.
References: Fink, A. (1995) How to Analyze Survey Data. London, Sage. Moser, S.R. and Kalton, G. (1975) Survey Methods in Social Investigation. London, Heinemann. Palm, R.I. (1990) Natural Hazards: An Integrative Framework for Research and Planning. Maryland, John Hopkins University Press. Pratt, B. and Loizos, P. (1992) Choosing Research Methods. Oxford, Oxfam.Robson, C. (1997) Real World Research: A Resource for Social Scientists and Practitioner-Researchers. Oxford, Blackwell. Theis, J. and Grady, H. (1991) Participatory Rapid Appraisal (PRA) for Community Development. London, IIED
DMG 621: Emergency Response and Humanitarian Assistance
Provides knowledge for developing effective response and assistance mechanism during an emergency. The purpose is to equip students with understanding the needs of the affected population on the basis of their socio-economic condition, nature of crisis and available resource. As for natural hazards, equal emphasis will be given on human-induced/technological crises. Contents: Need assessment, tools and techniques of need assessment, assessment report preparation, response planning (human resources, storage of relief goods, selection of beneficiaries), distribution of relief goods, accountability and quality in humanitarian response, principles of humanitarian assistance, standards. 3 credits
References: Rapid Initial Report (RIR) for Emergency Relief, Disaster Management Bureau WASH Rapid Assessment Tool for Emergency/Early Recovery; WASH Cluster, Bangladesh Comprehensive Assessment Tool, WASH Cluster, Bangladesh Disaster Emergency Needs Assessment, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Rapid Emergency Needs Assessment, Disaster Emergency Group. Code of Conduct of International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster relief HAP standard in Humanitarian Accountability and Quality Management.
DMG 622: Disaster Risk Reduction and Sustainable Development
Provides knowledge to understand ways of integrating disaster risk reduction in all stages of disaster risk management action and policy as well as mainstreaming in the wider realm of development policy, planning and implementation with special focus on sustainable development. The purpose is to equip students with the skills to identify the linkages between disasters and development, and to appreciate disaster risk reduction as a cross-cutting element. Contents: Sustainable development, Sustainable livelihood, Linkages between disasters and development, Disaster-Development continuum, Integrating risk reduction perspective in disaster risk management stages, Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction. 3 credits
References: Bartle, P. (2003) From Disaster to Development. Seattle, CDS.www.scu.org/ip/cds/cmp/modules/dis-int.htm ... Hossain, H., Dodge, C.P., and Abed, F.H. (1992) From Crisis to Development: Coping with Disasters in Bangladesh. Dhaka, UPL. PRSP & MDG, WSSD Declaration, UNDP RDR report, MDMR (and other relevant NGO projects). Pelling, M. (2003) “Disaster Risk and Development Planning: The Case for Integration. International Development Planning Review, Vol. 25, No. 4. UNCRD (1992) Integrated Approach to Rural Development and Disaster Management in Bangladesh (proceedings). Nagoya, UNCRD. UNDP (2004) Reducing Disaster Risk: A Challenge for Development. New York, UNDP. Wilderspin, I. et al (2008) Evaluation of Disaster Risk Reduction Mainstreaming in DG ECHO’s Humanitarian Actions. Essex, UK, Aguaconsult
DMG 623: Risk Communication, Training and Public Awareness
Provides an overview of the different methods for communicating disaster risk and preparedness measures and building public awareness, of which training programs is an essential part. The objective is to enable students to gain the necessary knowledge and skills to develop their own disaster risk and vulnerability reduction training and public awareness programs and/or to contribute to such programs. Contents: Communication and dissemination techniques, Public awareness campaigns, Training programs, Role of media, internet and telecommunications. 3 credits.
References: Bratschi, G. (1998) “Programming Risk Awareness Raising Campaigns: A Collective Need” in UN-IDNDR and QUIPNET Internet Conference: Prevention Begins with Information. CARE-Bangladesh (2002) Disasters in Bangladesh and Public Awareness (in Bangla). Dhaka, CARE-Bangladesh. Carmen, R. (1990) Communication, Education and Empowerment. Manchester, University of Manchester Press. Gandelsona, C. (ed) (2002) Communicating for Development. London, ITDG. Linney, B. (1995) Pictures, People and Power: People-Centred Visual Aids for Development. London, Macmillan.
DMG 624: Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation
Imparts understanding of the global phenomenon of climate change and its local impacts in the form of increased frequency, intensity and magnitude of disasters, particularly in Bangladesh where the impacts are anticipated to be among the greatest in the world. The purpose is to develop awareness of global climate change with corresponding local adaptation and mitigation measures to reduce its impacts. Contents: Causes for climate change, Climate change impacts, Mitigation measures, Adaptation and resilience building, Community based adaptation, Policies and strategies, International protocols and treaties.
References: BCAS et al (2007) Proceedings of the First and Second International Workshop on Community-based Adaptation to Climate Change. Dhaka, BCAS (Bangladesh Center for Advanced Studies). Ministry of Environment and Forest (2005). National Adaptation Programme of Action. Government of Bangladesh (2009). Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan. IPCC (2007). Fourth Assessment Report, Cambridge University Press. Uddin, N. and Taplin, R. (2008) “Toward Sustainable Energy Development in Bangladesh”. Journal of Environment & Development, Vol. 17.
DMG 625: Urbanization and Disasters
Provides knowledge on rapid urbanization in developing countries and the management of urban disasters. The aim is to create understanding of the link between uncontrolled urban growth and its potential for resulting in disasters (with special attention to building collapse and earthquake) and strategies to manage such disasters. Contents: Rapid urbanization, Urban bias in development, Planning regulations, Urban services and infrastructure, Interagency coordination, Urban disaster management. 3 credits.
References: ADPC (undated) Asian Urban Disaster Management Program (BUDMP). Various project reports. Bangkok, ADPC. CARE-Bangladesh (undated) Bangladesh Urban Disaster Management Program (BUDMP). Various project reports. Dhaka, CARE-Bangladesh. Islam, N. (1994) “Urbanization and the Urban Environment in Bangladesh” in Rahman, A.A. et al (eds) Environment and Development in Bangladesh, Vol. 1. Dhaka, UPL. UNCHS (2001) Cities in a Globalizing World. London, Earthscan. UNCRD (1993) Disaster Management in Metropolitan Areas for the 21st Century. Nagoya, UNCRD.
DMG 626: Built Environment in Disaster-Prone Areas
Provides knowledge on methods of building safer buildings in disaster-prone areas, construction of disaster shelters and provision of post-disaster emergency housing. The purpose is to develop awareness of the key aspects of building design and construction that can contribute to creation of resilient habitats before, during and after disasters. Contents: Building-for-safety, Retrofitting, Disaster shelters, Emergency housing, Building codes. 3 credits.
References: Aysan, Y. et al (1995) Developing Building for Safety Programmes: Guidelines for Organizing Safe Building Improvement Programmes in Disaster-Prone Areas. London, IT Publications. Clayton, et al (1993-1995) Building for Safety (series of 4 books). London, IT Publications. Davis, I. (1978) Shelter after Disaster. Oxford, Oxford Polytechnic Press. HBRI and BSTI (1993) Bangladesh National Building Code. Dhaka, HBRI and BSTI. Seraj, S.M. and Ahmed, K.I. (in press) Building Safer Houses in Rural Bangladesh. Dhaka, BUET and UK, University of Exeter.
DMG 627: Disasters and Disaster Management Practices in Bangladesh
Bangladesh being a disaster prone country, the purpose of this course is to familiarize students with different types of the disasters that the country faces and the disaster management options practiced in the country. The course will be field oriented. Contents: Types of disasters: Flood, cyclone, drought, earthquake, river erosion, land slide, tornado, tsunami, arsenic, salinity. History of disasters in Bangladesh. Evolution of disaster management practices. Institutions. Community level resilience, Cyclone Preparedness Program, Field study.
References: Minsitry of Food and Disaster Management (2010). National Disaster Management Plan. Ministry of Planning (1993). Multipurpose Cyclone Shelter Programme. Nizamuddin, K. (ed) (2001) Disaster in Bangladesh. Dhaka, DRTMC. Pramanik, M.A.H. (1994) “Natural Disasters” in Rahman, A.A. et al (eds) Environment and Development in Bangladesh, Vol. 1. Dhaka, UPL. Reazuddin, M. (1994) “Industry and Pollution Related Issues” in Rahman, A.A. et al (eds) Environment and Development in Bangladesh, Vol. 2. Dhaka, UPL. Rahman, M.S. (1993) Disaster Management Handbook for Bangladesh, Parts I-IV. Dhaka, BDPC and PACT.