Course Details

The following are brief descriptions of the courses arranged in the recommended sequence of years and semesters.



ARC 101 Design I: Basic Design

Exercises in two- dimensional basic composition using points, lines and basic shapes. Understanding order, balance, harmony, proportion, movement, rhythm. Relationships between solid and void. Concepts of space and enclosure. Use and understanding of various media and presentation formats. 4.5 credits

ARC 111 Graphic Communication I

Mechanical and free hand architectural drawing techniques. Lettering techniques and styles, architectural symbols. Plans, elevations and sections. Single point perspectives, axonometric views. 3 credits

CSE 103 Introduction to Computing

Introduction to computers. Introduction to basic word processing and spreadsheet programs. Internet and information access. HTML Basic graphics. 1.5 credits


ENG 106 English Fundamentals for Architecture

The main objectives of the course include: Developing effective and efficient reading, writing, listening and speaking strategies and techniques, increasing students' repertoire of vocabulary, reading with speed and understanding, writing standard, well- informed academic essays, enhancing spoken fluency. 2 credits.

ANT 103 Society and Development

Study of society through the social science approach. Evolution of society. Rise of early civilizations, organization of society. Pre-industrial forms of social state. Environmental resources and their distribution. Gender, kinship and descent, religion, economics, politics, survival of ethnic groups. Social relationships and value systems. Culture: evolution of culture, culture and adaptation, contemporary forms of culture and society. Relationships between sociology and economics. Modern and traditional societies, comparisons and impacts. Culture and society. 2 credits

PHY 102 Fundamentals of Physics

Mechanics: Vectors and scalars, Unit Vector, Multiplication of Vectors, Newton's Law of Motion, Principles of Conservation of Linear Momentum And Energy, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion, Simple Harmonic Motion, Rotation of Rigid Bodies, Newton's Law of Universal; Gravitation. Properties of Matter: Elasticity, Hooke's Law, Viscosity, Stokes Law, Surface Tension, Capilliarity.
Waves: Wave Motion, Stationary waves, Sound Waves, Doppler Effect, Beats, Acoustics, Ultrasonics.
Heat and Thermodynamics: Heat and Temperature, Specific Heat, Newton's law of Cooling, 1st and 2nd Laws of Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Heat Transfer.
Optics: Huygen's Principle, Electromagnetic waves, Reflection, Refraction, Interference, Diffraction, Polarization. 2 credits

ARC 121 Introduction to Architecture

Definitions and meaning of architecture. The objective of architectural education. Architecture and the environment. Design and/in nature. Elements in architecture, point, line, plane, volume and space. Creation and order in space. Principles of spatial organisation, scale and proportion. Space and space generation. 2 credits

ARC 122 History of Art and Architecture I

Prehistory. Shelter and art in prehistoric times. Art and Architecture of the Indus valley, Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Persian civilisations. Greek architecture and the classical orders. Etruscan architecture. Roman architecture. Chinese and Japanese architecture. 2 credits



ARC 102 Design II

Exercises in three dimensional composition with planes, basic shapes and forms. Understanding of colour schemes and use of colour in composition. Concepts of 3-D space. Space and enclosure. Spaces for basic functions. 4.5 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 101

ARC112 Graphic Communication II

Mechanical and freehand architectural drawing. Free hand sketching of 3D objects, buildings. Two and multi point perspectives. Shade and shadow, reflections. Rendering in black and white and colour. Collage making. Experimenting with various media. 1.5 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 111

ARC 113 CAD: Computer Aided Design

Two and three dimensional computer aided drawing. Navigation through the program. Settings. 2D plan elevation section drawing. Rendering. Sign and symbols. Printing. 1.5 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 112


ECO 104 Introduction to Economics

Concepts of micro and macro economics. Supply and demand. National Income accounting. Development indicators, comparison and validity. Role of government and private sector in development. Economic policies and impact on development. The private sector in development. International economic issues. 2 credits

SOC 102 Bangladesh, History, Culture and Society

Bangladesh, location and geomorphic characteristics. Early settlements and society. Economic and political base. Ethnic and cultural background. Historical periods and achievements. Colonization and social changes. Partition and the search of national and political identity. Bengali culture and nationalism. Influence of social, historical and cultural forces on settlement patterns. The background to the independence movement. The liberation war and subsequent events. Political, social and economic forces and the current state of the nation. 2 credits

ARC 123 History of Art and Architecture II

European art and architecture. Early Christian, Byzantine, Romanesque, Medieval, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Rococo periods. Early South American Architecture. 2 credits

ENV 101 Introduction to Environmental Sciences

Introduction to the environment. Natural resources description, management and conservation. Ecosytem characteristics function and dynamics. Energy issues and conservation. Impact of development and technology on quality of natural resources. The environmental impact of human settlements. 2 credits

MAT 104 Mathematics

Calculus, definition of limit, continuity and differentiabilty, successive and partial differentiation, maxima and minima. Integration by parts, standard integrals, definite integrals. Solid geometry, system of coordinates. Distance between two points. Coordinate Transformation. Straight lines, sphere and ellipsoid. 2 credits



ARC 201 Design III

Human and space relationships: anthropometrics and ergonomics. Activity and space relationships: basic human functions and determination of space requirements. Space and form relationships: nature of enclosure. Development of awareness of scale and proportion. 6 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 102

ARC 214 Computer Graphics

Introduction to software. Images and colour, resolution, vector and raster. Illustration and formatting, using Corel Draw and Adobe Illustrator. Printing. Scanning. Image editing: using Adobe Photo shop. File Import export. Image manipulation and effects. 1.5 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 113

ENG 203 Communication Skills in Architecture

This course is designed to strengthen students' communication skills, that they need to perform successfully in academic and non-academic fields. It will be a laboratory-based course. Audio visual aids in the laboratory will facilitate speaking as well as listening accuracy. In this course, students will participate in discussions, give oral presentations, learn pronunciation skills and practice language functions. A good number of listening activities will be included to help students enhance their note-taking and comprehension skills. 1.5 credits.
Prerequisite: Eng 106


ARC 231 Concepts in Planning

Basic planning theories. History of settlements. City community and regional planning. Physical planning and national development. Planning policies. Planning regulations (building codes). 2 credits

ARC 224 History of Art and Architecture III

Art and Architecture of the Indian sub-continent. The Vedic, Buddhist and Hindu periods up to the 17th century. 2credits

ARC 241 Construction I

Introduction to construction. Materials and methods. General principles of construction and relationship to design intentions. Basic construction systems. Foundation, floors, wall and roof systems. Modular coordination. Elements in building construction. Doors, windows, stairs. Services and construction, kitchens and bathrooms. 2 credits

ARC 251 Design with Climate

Climate and weather. Global climatic factors. The building as a modifier of outdoor climate. Thermal comfort and variables. Thermal balance of buildings. Principles of passive design. Solar design. Ventilation and air flow. Shading. Moisture and rain protection Design strategies. Site planning. 2 credits

CEE 211 Structure I

Introduction to structures. History. Structure and architecture. Principles of structural design. Force, equilibrium, free body diagrams, resultants and components, Coplanar and concurrent forces, moments and parallel coplanar forces, centroid, moment of inertia of areas, maximum and minimum forces, friction, flexible chords. 2 credits.
Prerequisite: Math 104



ARC 202 Design IV

Exploring the relationship between building function, form and structure. Analysis of the site. Setting the building. Vehicular and pedestrian circulation. Analysis of building programme and report writing. Exploring formal expression of buildings with simple functions. 6 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 201


ARC 232 Urbanism

Early cities and their evolution. The rise of the city. Cities in the developed world. Cities in developing world and their growth. Urban population dynamics. Implications on economic development, built and natural environment. Tools and techniques of urban planning. Principles of city planning. The global city. Urbanism in Bangladesh. 2 credits

ARC 225 History of Art and Architecture IV

Art and Architecture of the Indian sub-continent: the Muslim period. The advent of the Muslims in the 13th century AD till the end of the colonial era. 2 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 223

ARC 242 Construction II

Classification of different types of building and finish materials. Preparation, manufacture, properties, uses and application of industrialized and vernacular materials. Appropriateness of application and expression. 2 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 125

CEE 213 Plumbing Services

Introduction to plumbing. Water requirements. Water sources. Water supply and distribution in buildings. Sewage and sewer systems, building sewer and drainage systems, sewage disposal. Plumbing services and architectural implications. Plumbing services for high rise and specialized building types. Rural sanitation. 2 credits

ARC 252 Lighting and Acoustical Design

Part 1: Lighting design. The visual environment. Nature of light and light in designed environments. Human responses to light. Daylight in buildings and requirements, prediction tools and techniques. Light as an architectural element. Supplementary and Artificial lighting.
Part 2: Concepts in architectural acoustics. Problems of architectural acoustics. Fundamentals of sound perception, generation and propagation. Behavior of sound in enclosed spaces. Principles of acoustic design in spaces for speech, music and multipurpose use. Noise and noise control. Noise control design. Acoustical measurements and calculations. 2 credits.
Prerequisite: Phy 102

CEE 212 Structure II

Basic mechanics of solids. Fundamental concepts of stress and strain. Mechanical properties of materials. Stresses and strains in members subject to tension, compression, shear and temperature changes. Joints welded and riveted. Shear force and bending moment diagrams and implications in design of statically determinate beams and frames. 2 credits.
Prerequisite: CEE 211



ARC 301 Design V

Design exercises on buildings with simple functional and technical requirements on sites having distinctive features requiring consideration. The emphasis is on imaginative use of form and spatial quality. 8 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 202

ARC 311 Working Drawings I

Architectural design and working drawings specifying all information needed for construction. Plans, elevations and sections and working and detail drawings of all building components. Details of drainage, damp proofing and insulation. Toilet and kitchen layouts, details of staircases, railings. 1.5 credits.
Prerequisite: Arch 202

ARC 315 Digital Visualization

Solid modeling in CAD. Introduction to 3D studio Max software. Animations and walkthroughs. Multimedia applications. 1.5 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 213


ARC 326 History of Art and Architecture V

Modern art and architecture in the 19th and 20th centuries. Impressionism to Cubism. Modern architecture: romantic classicism, iron and glass, reinforced concrete. Art Nouveau. The Bauhaus. Modern masters. development in North American architecture. 2 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 224

ARC 343 Technology and Construction

Part 1. Advances in technology and application in construction. New materials and methods of construction.
Part 2 Vernacular construction. Traditional methods of construction. Rural construction. Appropriate technology and construction methods. Disaster resistant construction. 2 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 225

MEE 344 Mechanical Services

Basic concepts and definitions. Psychometric chart. Cooling load calculations. Types of air conditioning systems. Air handling and distribution. Design of ducts. Air conditioning equipment. Fire hazards, fire fighting methods. Vertical transportation. Types of elevators and escalators. Determination of sizes and types of elevators. Calculations to determine traffic requirements. Escalators and moving ramps. Architectural implications of mechanical systems. 2 credits

CEE 311 Structure III

Flexural and shearing stresses in beams. Principal stresses. Direct integration and area moment method for finding slopes and deflections in statically determinate beams. Indeterminate beam analysis. Buckling of columns. 2 credits.
Prerequisite: CEE 212



ARC 302 Design VI

Design exercises involving multi functional buildings with complexity of functional and circulation patterns and site parameters. Environmental analysis of the requirements. Formal and functional expression. Technical integration. 8 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 301

ARC 312 Working Drawings II: Production Drawings

Design drawing and specifications for components of building that need to be produced for the purpose. Doors, windows, grilles, hardware, mouldings etc. Creativity in designing details emphasized through understanding of manufacturing process. 1.5 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 314


ARC 331 Urban Design

Definition of urban design, its aims and objectives. Principles of design and applicability in the urban context. Urban aesthetics, grain and texture, urban frame, fabric and function. Perception and meaning of urban spaces. City planning principles and regulations. Art in the city. Urban design analytic methods and approaches. 2 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 223

ARC 327 History of Bengal Art and Architecture

Art and architecture of Bengal. Influences. Prehistoric period. Buddhist and Hindu periods. Mauryan, Pala, Sena, Sultanate, Mughal and Colonial periods. Post colonial influences and the emergence of modern architecture in Bangladesh. Louis I Kahn. Influence of the new school of architecture and trends in architectural practice in contemporary times. 2 credits

EEE 345 Electrical Services

Power generation. Electrical units and standards. Electrical networks and circuit theorems. Alternating current PLC series and parallel circuits. Introduction to electrical wiring for residential, commercial and industrial use. Load calculations. Illumination and types of lighting. Alternative power generation. 2 credits

CEE 312 Structure IV

Introduction. Allowable stresses. Different types of trusses and space frames. Wind and static load analysis of trusses. Design of truss sections. Design of steel beams and columns. Timber and bamboo structures. 2 credits.
Prerequisite: CEE 311

ARC 300 Practical Training

This course will have to be taken after the third year of studies or after the completion of 110 credits and with a minimum GPA of 2.0. The training will take place in an architectural consulting office approved by the teachers and will consist of both training at the office and on site.

A student will be required to spend 4 weeks in an architectural consulting office where he or she will be under the supervision of an architect and will gain experience in assisting the office in the preparation of the design of real projects. He or she will be expected to work on concept drawings, observe and help in the preparation of design documents.

This will be followed by site training where the student will be required to spend another 4 weeks on site visits preferably relating to the project/s he or she was involved in during the office training to observe how buildings are built, and will be required to participate hands on in the construction activities

The student will have to provide a report on his or her activities in both parts supported by drawings and photographs and a diary of activities, which will be the basis for evaluation. The supervisor will be required to provide a report on the student's progress (in a prescribed format). 3 credits



ARC 401 Design VII

Design in the urban and regional context. Urban design and master planning of complexes of buildings. Reference to socio-cultural aspects. Environmental impact of buildings. Means of optimising environment building interactions. 10 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 302

ARC 411 Interior Design

Exploring ideas in interior design. Expression of purpose in interiors. Interior design of various types of spaces. Study of materials and finishes. Preparation of drawings and specifications. Colour, lighting, furniture, upholstery, art work, plantation. 1.5 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 302


ARC 431 Rural Architecture

Rural settlements in Bangladesh history. Factors influencing settlement patterns. Types of settlements. Traditional house form, variations. Vernacular/rural architecture: social, cultural, economic and technical influences. Artistic expressions in rural architecture. Typological variations. Materials and methods. Construction details. Environmental impact. Use of alternative technologies. 2 credits

ARC 441 Specifications

Specifications writing for building construction. Written details to support drawings, outlining the various phases and describing the components for construction. Specifications for materials and installation. 2 credits

ARC 452 Design for the Environment

Built form and environment interactions and impacts. Materials and resource use in building construction. Energy consumption in building construction and use, means of optimisation. Alternative energy use. Passive design options. Recycling of building materials and components. Sustainable design. Bioclimatic buildings. 2 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 221

CEE 411 Structure V

Reinforced Concrete. Fundamentals of reinforced concrete design. Working stress design (WSD) method and ultimate strength design (UDS). WSD design of slabs- one way and two way. Preliminary analysis of flat slabs, flat plates, waffle slabs, ribbed slabs. 2 credits.
Prerequisite: CEE 312



ARC 402 Design VIII

Focus on multi dimensional problem issues in either of two streams: Urban or rural bias.
Design of urban renewal, regeneration, conservation rehabilitation projects or mass housing to include investigation of socio-economic aspects.
Rural based projects focusing on development issues, architectural solutions aiming to improve the quality of life in rural areas. Rural housing and settlement/resettlement schemes. Housing for disaster prone areas. Post disaster reconstruction. Focus on innovation in construction, materials and environment friendly technology. 10 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 401

Note: Review of the student's previous projects and interests will be required to determine the stream he or she is best suited for.

ARC 412 Landscape Design

Combination of lecture sessions and design work. Lectures on principles of landscape design, elements of landscape design, landscaping with tropical plants. Studio work on site analysis and application of principles and techniques of landscape design. Written report to support design exercise. 2 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 401

ARC 413 Estimation

Class exercises on determination of cost of construction. Analysis of rates and cost analysis of various items of construction. Preparation schedules. Cost control. Preparation of tender documents, rules, regulations and obligations. Bidding. 1.5 credits


PSY 421 Psychology for Architects

Introduction to psychology. Understanding human behaviour. Learning: factors of learning, classical conditioning, instrumental conditioning. Perception. Motivation and emotion. Fulfillment of and frustration of motives. Nature of emotional development, emotion and personality. Sensory processes, vision, auditory and olfactory process. Colour perception and effects. Perception of space. Psychological variations due to differences in colour, space and location. Effects of the spatial environment on motivation and emotion. Social influences on behaviour. Child psychology and spaces for children. 2 credits

ARC 432 Housing and Development

The role and importance of housing in development. Housing as process. Overview of housing problems in developing countries. The housing situation in Bangladesh, policies, reforms and legislations. Traditional and contemporary housing. Mass housing for low and middle income groups. Housing in the private sector. Rural housing, affordability and sustainability. 2 credits

CEE 412 Structure VI

Reinforced concrete columns stocky and long. Preliminary analysis of column sections in multistoried buildings. Approximate analysis of grids. Approximate analysis of multistoried buildings for gravity and lateral loads. Vierendeel truss. Folded plates. Introduction to shear walls: preliminary design. Introduction and preliminary design of arches, domes and shells. Classification of shells. Prestressed concrete; introduction analysis and preliminary design of beam sections. Earth quake resistant RCC structures. 2 credits.
Prerequisite: CEE 411



ARC 501 Design IX

Identifying design tasks to specific realistic problems in an assigned setting. The project will include all design phases from formulation of the program to preparation of preliminary working drawings. Primary emphasis will be given to the realization of a concept and also to design quality in terms of formal, functional and structural aspects to attain professional level of achievement. This studio, like the previous one will be in two streams: technical bias and socio cultural bias.

Students within the technical bias stream will be required to approach a design problem with technical complexity be it in the design of the building itself (structural or building systems) or in the program (functions that are technical in nature e.g. High-tech manufacturing or buildings which serve technical functions).

Students who intend to focus on socio cultural issues will be required to address a design problem that incorporates them in the program. This will require analysis and consideration of socio cultural issues within the physical context. Interpretation of social and cultural values in the design is of emphasis. This may be the exploration of practical problems or problems of abstract nature where art or culture needs to be interpreted in building design. 12 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 402

Note: Review of the student's previous projects and interests will be required to determine the stream he or she is best suited for.

ARC 511 Seminar I

Research and presentation on topics and issues related to art and architecture. Research papers including literature search review and referencing, writing and presentation skills. Course offered in two parts, part I related to the students current design studio project. 1.5 credits.
Perquisite: ENG 203


PHI 521 Philosophy and Architecture

Introduction- nature of philosophical enquiry. The history of philosophical thought. Relationship of philosophy to science, history, politics and religion. Philosophy and architecture. The interpretation of philosophical thought in architectural movements. The philosophy of modern and post modern architecture. 2 credits

ACT 511 Accounting

Principles of accounting: accounts, transactions, the accounting procedure and financial statements. Cost, objectives and classification. Overhead costing. Cost sheet under job costing, operating costing, and process costing. Marginal costing: tools and techniques, cost-volume-profit analysis. Relevant costing: analyzing the profitability within the firm, guidelines for decision making. Long term planning and control; capital budgeting. Introduction to accounting software. Accounts for a small office. 2 credits

ARC 522 Research Methods

Research and its types. Purpose and goals of research. Designing research. Variables and universal. Selection of methods. Data collection; objectives. Data interpretation. Design of questionnaire, pretest, pilot survey. Data processing. Principles of physical survey. Interpreting survey information. 2 credits



ARC 502 Design X

Thesis Stream

Identification of viable projects of significance as thesis project. Preparation of architectural program based on investigation and research on the functions. Investigation of site and context. Environmental analysis. Preparation of a complete design solution based on analysis of form, function and structure and with justification for the same. Emphasis on materialization of concept. The final solution should be of professionally acceptable quality. 12 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 501
Note: Students achieving a certain GPA level (determined according to class) can take the thesis stream.

ARC 503 Design Studio X (alternative to ARC 502)

Project Stream

Design exercise of realistic complexity. Analysis of the architectural program to evolve spatial requirements and relationships. Site, contextual and environmental analysis. Final solution achieved through a series of stages of development. Final solution of professional quality supported by construction drawings. 12 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 501

ARC 512 Seminar II: (to complement ARC 502 or 503)

Written report to support Thesis or Project work, contents to vary accordingly.
Thesis Stream: students to present research on particular project with emphasis on development of program and conceptual basis supported by a number of case studies to develop formal and structural concepts.
Project Stream: students to emphasize functional analysis and detailed analysis of case studies with regard to functional, formal and structural aspects. Justification of chosen solution. 1.5 credits.
Prerequisite: ARC 511


MGT 511 Construction Management

Management: its meaning, scope and objectives. Functions and nature of management. Planning objectives and types of plans, limits of planning. Organising construction activity, grouping of activity, delegation and decentralization. Organizational structure and span of supervision. Planning and scheduling of construction projects/activity. Controlling construction activity. Analytical tools and techniques in construction management. 2 credits

ARC 541 Professional Practice

The role of the architect in the building industry. Duties, responsibilities and obligations of the architect. General conditions of contract, client architect relationship, architectural services. The architect and the public. Building codes and practices. The architect's office. Admistration of construction. Conflicts and arbitration. Official correspondence. Professional organizations: local and international. 2 credits


To be offered and taken during the 2nd, 3rd or 4th semesters. Students are required to take any two during this period


ARC 291 Sculpture

Sculpture as a form of artistic and architectural expression. Visualizing 3D form. Various techniques in sculpting. Sculpting basic shapes in earth. Free expression through use of plastic material. Mixed media: metal, wood, fabric etc. 2 credits

ARC 292 Painting

Painting as a form of artistic and architectural expression. Introduction to various media in painting. Still life sketches and painting. Study of forms in painting. Landscapes and cityscapes. Colour pencils, crayons, pastels and watercolour. Mixed media. Computers in painting. 2 credits

ARC 293 Music appreciation

Musical form. Ingredients of music: sound and time. Indian and western music: melody and harmony. Foundations of sub-continental music: raga system. Presentation of vocal and instrumental music. Modern Bengali music and works of major composers and demonstrations. Western classical music and works of major composers. Music and architecture: rhythm, composition etc. Music as an inspiration for architecture. 2 credits

ARC 294 Photography

Introduction to photography as a means for artistic and architectural expression. Photography as an analytic tool for architects. The camera parts operation and types. Lenses and film. Exposure and settings. Exercises in bracketing and depth of field studies. Photography of buildings. Photo essays. 2 credits


To be offered and taken during the 5th, 6th or 7th semesters. Students are required to take any one during this period

ARC 391 Rural Housing

The housing problem in rural areas. Factors influencing the housing situation; migration, landlessness, land tenure, affordability, sanitation, technology social and cultural factors. Classification of house types. Materials and methods of construction. Innovation in construction and design. Rural housing programs, governmental and non governmental. Micro credit and rural housing. 2 credits

ARC 392 Tropical Architecture

The climatic characteristics of tropical areas. Thermal comfort in the tropics. Elements of the natural environment that require consideration in building design: air movement, moisture control, shading, rain penetration. Methods of passive cooling in the tropics. Basis guidelines for design in the tropics. Detailed consideration and overall environmental impact. Extreme conditions: climatic hazards. 2 credits,
Prerequisite: ARC 221

ARC 393 Building for Disasters

Disasters classification. History of disasters and damage. Buildings and disasters, types of damage. Building design principles to withstand earthquakes, floods, cyclones, storm surge etc. Post disaster rebuilding. 2 credits

ARC 394 Contemporary South Asian Architecture

The modern movement in architecture- internationalism and the search for identity. The tradition of south east Asia and the influence of modernism. Attempts to identity-the works of major architects of the region: Kenjo Tange, Kisho Kurokawa, Geoffrey Bawa, Balakrishna Doshi, Charles Correa, Muzharul Islam. Regional roots in architecture and the works of contemporary architects: Raj Rewal, Uttam Jain, Tadao Ando, Ken Yeang. 2

To be offered and taken during the 8th, 9th and 10th semesters. Students are required to take any two during this period

ARC 491 Architectural Conservation

Conservation, its meaning, nature, scope and principles. Preservation, restoration, reconstruction, adaptation, reuse, area conservation. History of conservation. Conservation laws and practices. Issues in conservation. Regulating bodies and the role of the government and public. Relevance of conservation in the context of Bangladesh. 2 credits

ARC 492 The City in Development

The contemporary city and its development through the ages. Urban anthropology. The influence of the city on human life. Global development and the city. The problems of the contemporary city and attempts to solve them. The city in Bangladesh; the current scenario. The culture of the city. Society and the city. Future of the city. 2 credits

ARC 493 Contemporary Architectural Thought

Exploration of theories and concepts in architecture and urban design since the modern movement. The theoretical and methodological issues structuring the production, interpretation and criticism of architecture. Discussion on architecture, information age and global culture. 2 credits

ARC 494 Ecology and Sustainable Development

Definition of sustainable development. Balance between ecology and development. Ecological considerations for the development of the built environment. Resource optimization. Ecological accounting. 2 credits

ARC 495 Computers in Architecture

To be developed.
2 credits